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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Israel and Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan to India.
Zaleya pentandra

[FZ]

Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
A many-stemmed spreading prostrate or procumbent slightly succulent herb, rather coarse and sometimes ± woody at base.
Morphology Branches
Branches up to 60 cm. long, covered with short rough hairs when young, later glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, usually unequal; leaf-lamina 8–45 × 2–20 mm., oblanceolate, narrowly to broadly elliptic, obtuse to rounded at the apex, glabrous or pubescent below or on the midrib only, slightly succulent; petiole up to 20 mm. long, membranous-winged and sheathing at base, usually pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in crowded groups of 5–20, sessile or subsessile, pale green to purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth lobes 3–5 mm. long, the segments united for c. 1/2 their length, subacute, shortly mucronate, with narrow membranous edges.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary truncate, with a shallow apical depression.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. as long as the perianth, splitting c. 1/3 from the base along a smooth thickened rim; valves of the operculum separating.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4, subspherical-reniform, sulcate.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Drier parts of tropical Africa from Transvaal to Egypt and Senegal
Morphology General Habit
A prostrate or procumbent, rarely erect, herb, sometimes subwoody at base, ± glabrous throughout to sparsely to densely asperous; stems up to 40 cm long
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 3–18 mm long, membranous winged and sheathing at base; leaf-blade linear or oblanceolate to elliptic, up to 4 x 2 cm, base cuneate, tip rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in dense clusters, 5–20 together, sessile or nearly so
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth c. 4 mm long, inner face of tepals often pink to deep red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. as long as tepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 1.7 mm diam., black, irregularly ribbed.

[FTEA]

Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

Morphology General Habit
A spreading prostrate or procumbent, rarely erect, slightly succulent herb, sometimes subwoody at the base.
Morphology Branches
Branches pubescent when young, becoming glabrous, 8–30 cm. long or more.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade oblanceolate, narrowly elliptic, elliptic, or broadly so, obtuse to rounded at the apex, 8–38 mm. long, 2–21 mm. broad, glabrous or pubescent below or on the midrib only.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole membranous-winged and sheathing at the base, usually pubescent, 3–18 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5–20 per glomerule, sessile or subsessile, greenish, tinged pink or crimson.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.7 mm. diameter, black, ribbed.
Figures
Fig. 9, p. 27.
Habitat
Open places in woodland, bushland and grassland; also a weed of overgrazed and waste places, roadsides, and cultivated ground; and on alkaline soils, 0–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 U1 tropical Africa in the drier areas from Transvaal to Egypt and Senegal

[FWTA]

Ficoidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate herb with stout stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers green.

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gulf States, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Zaleya pentandra (L.) C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Martin, W. H. R. [17], Kenya K000076295 Unknown type material
Dale, I. R. [K700], Kenya K000076294 holotype

First published in Kew Bull. 14: 238 (1960)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 14: 238 (1960).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/