1. Family: Cornaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Alangium Lam.
      1. Alangium chinense (Lour.) Harms

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to SE. Ethiopia and S. Tropical Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Alangiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Habit
    Moderate-sized to large tree, 9–24 m. tall, bark smooth and grey.
    Branches
    Branchlets purple-brown, never spiny, at first pubescent later glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves very variable, narrowly elliptic to broadly ovate, usually ovate, cuneate, truncate or subcordate at the base, asymmetric, often markedly so, acuminate at the apex, entire when adult but seedling leaves and leaves from coppice shoots are often palmately lobed and much larger than adult leaves.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina 4–19 cm. long and 2.5–10 cm. wide (up to 25 × 27 cm. in juvenile leaves), at first pubescent, later glabrescent; petiole 0.5–2.5 cm. long, velvety pubescent or glabrous; main lateral nerves 4–6, the basal ones confocal and sharply ascending so that the lamina is 5–7-nerved from the base, tertiary venation close, approximately parallel and at right angles to the costa.
    Flowers
    Flowers golden pubescent, white, cream or yellow, sweetly scented, 8–16 mm. long and 1.5–3.5 mm. wide, 5–8-merous, 3–23 in pedunculate 1–4-branched pubescent or glabrescent inflorescences, peduncles 0.4–1.8 cm. long, secondary branches 0.1–2.6 cm. long and pedicels 3–5.5 mm. long.
    Buds
    Buds cylindrical, usually swollen at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube cylindrical or funnel-shaped, 1.5 mm. long, limb spreading, 1 mm. tall, denticulate.
    Corolla
    Petals ligulate, 8–13.5 mm. long and 1–1.7 mm. wide, pubescent outside, glabrescent inside save for a densely hirsute area near the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens the same number as the petals, anthers narrow, 5–9 mm. long.
    Style
    Style pilose, cylindrical, clavate apically, stigma lobed, together 7–10 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit laterally compressed, globose or ellipsoidal, rather costate in the dry state, basally rounded, apically rather tapering, minutely pubescent, 1–2-celled, 8–10 mm. long, 6.5–9 mm. wide (maximum) and 4–5.5 mm. wide (minimum).
    Figures
    Fig. 1.
    Habitat
    A pioneer species in partly cleared areas of lowland and upland rain-forest, 750–2000 m.
    Distribution
    Also from India to China, Indo-China, Japan, Java, Philippine and Sunda Islands K4 K5 T2 T3 T6 T7 U2 U3
    [FWTA]

    Alangiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A deciduous tree, to 70 ft. high, fast growing and soft-wooded
    Flowers
    Flowers creamy white to pale yellow, fragrant
    Ecology
    Forest margins, especially in montane areas.
    [FZ]

    Alangiaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    A tree of 9–24 m. high.
    Twigs
    Twigs pubescent when immature and then glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves (4)10–15(19) × (2·5)4–8(10) cm., varying from narrowly elliptic to broadly ovate, apex acute to mucronate, base rounded or subcuneate to subcordate, often markedly oblique; margins entire to slightly undulate (palmately lobed leaves have been recorded from juvenile plants and from coppiced shoots); petiole 0·5–2·5 cm. long, glabrous or pubescent.
    Leaf veins
    Venation typically of 5 main veins ascending from the base of the leaf, some with major laterals and all connected by numerous tertiary veins running approximately parallel and at right angles to the primaries.
    Flowers
    Flowers with a dense golden pubescence on the exterior, white to yellow, reportedly sweet-scented; 5–8-merous, borne 3–10(23) in sparsely branched axillary cymes less than 1/2 the length of the subtending leaves.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 3–3·5 mm. long.
    Buds
    Buds flask-shaped.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube, 1·5 mm. long ± funnel-shaped, with a narrow spreading limb with 5 minute teeth.
    Corolla
    Petals strap-shaped, up to 13·5 × 1(1·5) mm., exterior pubescent, interior ± glabrous apart from an area c. 1/2 of the way up from the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens the same number as the petals, 5–9 mm. long, pubescent at the base, anthers narrowly linear.
    Style
    Style pubescent, 7–10 mm. long, with a slightly-lobed stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruit 8–10 × (4)6–8(9) mm., globose or ellipsoidal, somewhat compressed and occasionally slightly eccentric, distinctly ribbed when dry, puberulous, 1–2-loculate, crowned with the disk and the remains of the sepals.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Philippines, Rwanda, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Alangium chinense (Lour.) Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2015 Halle, F. [1978], Jawa K000608126
    Dec 1, 2007 Katende, T. [697], Uganda K000545316
    Oct 1, 2007 Cheek, M. [13641], Cameroon K000580158
    Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10761], Cameroon K000198471
    Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10462], Cameroon K000198475
    Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [1042], Cameroon 77360.000
    Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [1042], Cameroon K000198474
    Jan 1, 2004 Zapfack, L. [2044], Cameroon K000198472
    Jan 1, 2004 Onana, J.-M. [2043], Cameroon K000198473
    Aug 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9596], Cameroon K000008071
    Aug 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2813], Cameroon K000008072
    Aug 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1812], Cameroon K000008073
    Aug 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2375], Cameroon K000008074
    Jan 1, 1997 Onana, J.-M. [593], Cameroon K000337994
    Jan 1, 1997 Onana, J.-M. [593], Cameroon K000337995
    Dec 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13400], Cameroon K000051005
    Jan 1, 1934 Maitland, T.D. [1172], Cameroon K000051013
    Jan 1, 1934 Zenker, G.A. [1416], Cameroon K000350606
    Jan 1, 1934 Wallich, N. [3719A], Nepal K000704798
    Jan 1, 1934 Wallich, N. [s.n.], Nepal K000704796
    Jan 1, 1934 Kalbreyer, W. [148], Cameroon K000051009
    Jan 1, 1934 s.coll. [s.n.], Nepal K000704797
    Verdcourt, B. [1716], Tanzania 18090.000
    Troupin, G. [3756], Congo, DRC 9983.000
    Maitland, T.D. [484], Cameroon K000051012
    Dale, I.R., Uganda 17236.000
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9959], Cameroon K000051007
    Breteler, F.J. [186], Cameroon K000051006
    Breteler, F.J. [216], Cameroon K000051008
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3719], India Marlea begoniifolia K001112109
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3719], Nepal Marlea begoniifolia K001119885
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3719], Bangladesh Marlea begoniifolia K001119888
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3719] Marlea begoniifolia K001119886
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3719] Marlea begoniifolia K001119887

    First published in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 15: 24 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 607.
    • Rehder in Sarg. Pl. Wilson. 2: 552 (1916), q.v. for synonymy
    • in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 15: 24 (1897)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bloembergen in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3, 16: 169 (1939).
    • Harms in Ber. D. Bot. Ges. 15: 24 (1897).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0