1. Family: Moringaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Moringa Adans.
      1. Moringa borziana Mattei

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to E. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Moringaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Woody herb or subshrub (? rarely a small tree - see note) with mostly a single straggling? annual stem ± 1-1.5 m. tall, often flowering when quite leafless, arising from a large tuberous root; stem pale buff-brown with purplish tinge, with even youngest parts glabrous or with microscopic indumentum, slender, about 5.5 mm. wide, longitudinally wrinkled; leaf-scars 2-4 mm. diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaves bipinnate, ± clustered at apex, up to 35 cm. long, glabrous even when very young; stipules and stipels well developed, ± linear, thickened, ± 2 mm. long; pinnae in 4-6 pairs; leaflets 5 or more, very pale yellow-green, elliptic to obovate, (0.9-)2.7(-3) cm. long, 0.5-1.6(-2.0) cm. wide, petiolulate, scarcely apiculate at apex, obtuse or rounded to cuneate at the base, not very thin.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 4-5, clustered at apex of stem and/or more scattered lower down on abbreviated branchlets, 5-6 cm. long; axes glabrous; peduncle 1.5-3.5 cm. long; true pedicels above joint 1-1.5 mm. long; apparent stalks 1-1.5 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers zygomorphic; mature buds 1.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals green, flushed with red, narrowly oblong, 1-1.4 cm. long, 3-4 mm. wide, obtuse, puberulous at apex but otherwise glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals yellowish red, ± spathulate, straight or bent, 1.4 cm. long, 4 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6.5- mostly 10-11 mm. long; anthers 1.5 mm. long; staminodes 5.5- mostly 9-11 mm.; both stamens and staminodes ± appendaged at the base and hairy.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, 2 mm. long, with stipe 2-3 mm. and style 5-6 mm. long, gently curved.
    Fruits
    Fruits purplish brown with waxy bloom, 11.5-20.5(-25) cm. long, 1-1.4(-2) cm. wide, each valve with 2 grooves.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.5-3.8 cm. long overall, with fertile part 12-15 × 8 mm. the central area of 6-9 × 4-5 mm., with longitudinal raised ridges and ± lateral ridges or smooth or very finely foveolate, reticulate, with 3 conspicuous wings, mostly ± joined at one end of seed but with deep sinus at other end.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/1, 2, 9.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland of Platycelyphium, Dobera, Terminalia, Grewia, Delonix; Acacia-Commiphora-Terminaliaorbicularis; Calyptrotheca-Boscia-Sericocomopsis, etc.;95-600 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K7 Somalia (S.) and perhaps (N.)

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Somalia

    Moringa borziana Mattei appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    2700.055
    35039.000
    Friis, I. [4678], Somalia K000569355
    Kuchar, P. [17010], Somalia K000569363

    First published in Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 7: 172 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moringaceae: 1- 11.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 40: 17 (1985).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 326 (1962) (with?).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) 1: 162 (1954).
    • Chiov. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1917: 26 (1917).
    • Mattei in Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 7: 172 (1908).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0