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  1. Family: Myricaceae Rich. ex Kunth
    1. Genus: Myrica L.
      1. Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, Eritrea to Burundi, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Myricaceae, R.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.d., F.L.S. & B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

    Habit
    Habit varying from a small much-branched shrub to a forest tree 15 m tall, almost invariably dioecious; branchlets subglabrous (apart from the glands) to densely hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades usually elliptic-oblanceolate to elliptic-obovate, less commonly lanceolate, ovate or elliptic-oblong, 1.5–13(–17) cm long, 0.6–6 cm wide, pointed to rounded at the apex, broadly cuneate to rounded, truncate or slightly cordate and mostly unequal-sided at the base, entire to coarsely and rather distantly serrate (sometimes biserrate on sterile shoots), glabrous to sparsely or less often quite densely hairy particularly on the midrib, covered with golden-yellow glands on both surfaces at first and rather persistently so beneath; pock-marked when the glands wither; primary lateral nerves (4–)8–18 on either side, fine but usually visible on both surfaces; petiole 1–16 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Male catkins dense or rather lax, the flowers then often irregularly grouped into clusters, 0.5–3.5 cm long; bracts subtending 1(–2) flowers, variously shaped (see below), 1–2(–3) mm long, glandular, ciliate to densely hairy outside; stamens mostly 5–10. Female catkins becoming lax, often from an early stage, 1–3.5 cm long and up to 6 cm long in fruit; bracts ovate-triangular, sometimes broadly so, rarely ± lanceolate, 0.8–2 mm long, ciliate to hairy overall; bracteoles usually 4, variously oblong-elliptic to broadly spathulate or suborbicular, concave, 0.4–1 mm long; style-arms linear and ± terete to linear-lanceolate, flattened and often somewhat serrate, 0.8–3 mm long.
    Male
    Male catkins dense or rather lax, the flowers then often irregularly grouped into clusters, 0.5–3.5 cm long; bracts subtending 1(–2) flowers, variously shaped (see below), 1–2(–3) mm long, glandular, ciliate to densely hairy outside; stamens mostly 5–10.
    Female
    Female catkins becoming lax, often from an early stage, 1–3.5 cm long and up to 6 cm long in fruit; bracts ovate-triangular, sometimes broadly so, rarely ± lanceolate, 0.8–2 mm long, ciliate to hairy overall; bracteoles usually 4, variously oblong-elliptic to broadly spathulate or suborbicular, concave, 0.4–1 mm long; style-arms linear and ± terete to linear-lanceolate, flattened and often somewhat serrate, 0.8–3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruits brown to greyish white, ellipsoid-globose to subglobose, 3–4 mm long, 1.8–4 mm wide.
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from Tanzania (Kilimanjaro). Syntypes from Ethiopia.
    Habit
    Forest tree, 5–12 m tall, often with rounded crown, but also found as a much branched shrub in adjoining bushland and grassland, almost invariably dioecious (male catkins may occasionally be produced after fruiting, see Pawek 13015); bark brown, very rough, fissured
    Branches
    Branchlets subglabrous (apart from the glands) to densely hairy
    Leaves
    Leaves with a petiole 3–10 mm long; blades mostly 4–8 × 2–4.5 cm long, 2–2.7(3) times as long as broad, mostly oblong-elliptic to elliptic.obovate, usually rounded to bluntly pointed at the apex, broadly cuneate to rounded, truncate or slightly cordate and unequal-sided at the base, ± convex and markedly incurved at the margins on at least some crown leaves, entire to coarsely and rather distantly serrate (sometimes biserrate on sterile shoots), glabrous to sparsely hairy particularly on the midrib, covered with golden-yellow glands on both surfaces at first and rather persistently so beneath, pock-marked when the glands wither; primary lateral nerves 6–12 on either side, fine but usually visible on both surfaces, often impressed above
    Flowers
    Male catkins red in bud, fairly dense at anthesis, 8–15 mm long, ultimately extending to 25 mm; bracts subtending 1(2) flowers, 1–2(3) mm long, glandular, broadly ovate-triangular becoming deltate in the upper part, abruptly contracted to a narrow base, ciliate or less commonly hairy overall outside; stamens mostly 5–10, sometimes ciliolate
    Inflorescences
    Female catkins becoming lax, often from an early stage, 1–3.5 cm long; bracts 0.8–2 mm long, ovate-triangular, sometimes broadly so, ciliate to hairy overall, sometimes with a few glands; bracteoles usually 4, 0.4–1 mm long, variously oblong-elliptic to subcircular, concave; style-arms mostly 2–3 mm long, linear to linear-caudate, often somewhat serrate
    Fruits
    Fruits 3–4 mm across, ovoid-globose, sometimes hairy, sometimes developing a white waxy covering.
    Ecology
    Montane forest, often in secondary growth, at edges, along streams and in fringes with Brachystegia, Erica (Philippia), Uapaca and in grasssland with scrub; 1350–2530 m.
    Note
    Chapman (pers. comm.) notes that this is one of the most important pioneer forest species in grassland on the Zomba Plateau.
    Distribution
    Also in the highlands of Tanzania and Kenya. Malawi ZAM E, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S Zambia The species extends north to Saudi Arabia, diversifying on the high mountains of eastern Africa, where four other subspecies are recognized by Polhill & Verdcourt, loc. cit. (2000). See also note under M. pilulifera.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Uganda, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Yemen

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tanzania 40115.000
    Ash [1545], Ethiopia 35706.000
    Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6649], Kenya K000696630
    unknown [1379], Madagascar Myrica phillyreifolia K000243537 Unknown type material
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [4054], Madagascar Myrica rugulosa K000243538 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 277 (1850)

    Not accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Morella salicifolia.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0