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  1. Family: Myricaceae Rich. ex Kunth
    1. Genus: Myrica L.
      1. Myrica spathulata Mirb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Pemba) to Mozambique, E. Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Myricaceae, R.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.d., F.L.S. & B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

    Habit
    Dioecious shrub or small tree to 12 m; shoots nodular; lenticels scattered but distinct.
    Shoots
    Very young shoots with very dense ferruginous and yellow scales and a few white hairs; some black stiff hairs on older shoots.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblanceolate to narrowly oblong-elliptic, narrowly obovate or obovate-spathulate, 2.5–9 cm long, 1–2.3(–3.5 in Madagascar) cm wide, ± rounded or sometimes emarginate at the apex, attenuate-decurrent at the base, ± coriaceous, with very dense overlapping scales as on very young stems, later with dense persistent small red-brown scales beneath; lateral nerves 10–20 on each side, rather inconspicuous beneath; petioles 0.6–1.2 cm long, with stiff black hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences 1.5–3 cm long, ± glandular; bracts ovate, obtuse, glandular on back, ciliate; stamens 4. Female inflorescences 1.5–3 cm long, to 3.5 cm in fruit; bracteoles 4, ciliolate, glandular, broadly ovate, 0.5–0.7 mm long; stigmas filiform.
    Male
    Male inflorescences 1.5–3 cm long, ± glandular; bracts ovate, obtuse, glandular on back, ciliate; stamens 4.
    Female
    Female inflorescences 1.5–3 cm long, to 3.5 cm in fruit; bracteoles 4, ciliolate, glandular, broadly ovate, 0.5–0.7 mm long; stigmas filiform.
    Fruits
    Fruits ovoid or globose, 4–5 mm diameter.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest with Quassia ( Odyendea ), Antiaris and Erythrophleum, with Costus, Aframomum, Olyra and Erica patches; 10 m
    Distribution
    P
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from Madagascar.
    Habit
    Shrub or small tree, 2–12 m tall, dioecious; shoots nodular with swellings from the old leaf bases; lenticels scattered but distinct Shrub or small tree, 2–12 m tall, dioecious; shoots nodular with swellings from the old leaf bases; lenticels scattered but distinct.
    Shoots
    Very young shoots with very dense ferruginous and yellow scales and a few white hairs Very young shoots with very dense ferruginous and yellow scales and a few white hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Female catkins 1.5–3 cm long, extending to 3.5 cm in fruit; bracteoles 4, 0.5–0.7 mm long, broadly ovate, ciliolate, glandular; stigmas filiform Male catkins 1.5–3 cm long, ± glandular; bracts ovate, obtuse, glandular on back, ciliate; stamens 4 Female catkins 1.5–3 cm long, extending to 3.5 cm in fruit; bracteoles 4, 0.5–0.7 mm long, broadly ovate, ciliolate, glandular; stigmas filiform. Male catkins 1.5–3 cm long, ± glandular; bracts ovate, obtuse, glandular on back, ciliate; stamens 4.
    Ecology
    Marginal to high water-table grassland on peaty soil, said to be common with Erica (Philippia); 50 m.
    Note
    Polhill & Verdcourt (2000) associated, with some doubt, one specimen growing in coastal rainforest with patches of Erica (Philippia) on Pemba off the coast of Tanzania with the Madagascan species. The specimen from a similar habitat near Beira seems to be conspecific, but, like the Pemba specimen, the leaves are less obviously spathulate and long-petioled than the typical material from the wet east coast of Madagascar.
    Distribution
    Also in Tanzania (Pemba Is.) and on the eastern coast of Madagascar. MOZ MS Mozambique
    Leaves
    Leaves with distinct petioles 0.6–1.2 cm long, with stiff black hairs; blades 2.5–9 × 1–3(3.5 in Madagascar) cm, oblanceolate to narrowly obovate or obovate-spathulate, ± rounded or sometimes emarginate at the apex, attenuate-decurrent at the base, ± coriaceous, with very dense overlapping scales as on very young stems, later with dense persistent small red-brown scales beneath, but scarcely apparent on Mozambique material; lateral nerves 10–20 on each side, rather inconspicuous beneath. Leaves with distinct petioles 0.6–1.2 cm long, with stiff black hairs; blades 2.5–9 × 1–3(3.5 in Madagascar) cm, oblanceolate to narrowly obovate or obovate-spathulate, ± rounded or sometimes emarginate at the apex, attenuate-decurrent at the base, ± coriaceous, with very dense overlapping scales as on very young stems, later with dense persistent small red-brown scales beneath, but scarcely apparent on Mozambique material; lateral nerves 10–20 on each side, rather inconspicuous beneath
    Male
    Male catkins 1.5–3 cm long, ± glandular; bracts ovate, obtuse, glandular on back, ciliate; stamens 4.
    Female
    Female catkins 1.5–3 cm long, extending to 3.5 cm in fruit; bracteoles 4, 0.5–0.7 mm long, broadly ovate, ciliolate, glandular; stigmas filiform.
    Fruits
    Fruits 4–5 mm in diameter, ovoid or globose. Fruits 4–5 mm in diameter, ovoid or globose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Myrica spathulata Mirb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lyall [s.n.], Madagascar K000243539

    Bibliography

    First published in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 14: 474 (1827)

    Not accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Morella spathulata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0