1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Boscia Lam.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham And G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Small trees or shrubs, unarmed, generally with smooth grey bark
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or fascicled, always simple
    Buds
    Bud-scales woody, subulate, generally persistent at the bases of the new shoots
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a simple or compound terminal often corymbose raceme, which may, apparently, sometimes grow out into a leafy twig
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, free or nearly so, valvate; receptacle with a small sometimes fimbriate disk, generally prominent
    Corolla
    Petals absent
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–18, as long as the gynophore
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid or ellipsoid, 1-locular; placentas 2, lateral with 4 or more ovules each; stigma and style somewhatproduced
    Fruits
    Fruits globose with a crustaceous exocarp, 1–several-seeded, indehiscent.
    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees; leaves petiolate, alternate or fasciculate, often coriaceous, simple; stipules setaceous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of racemes, fascicles or corymbs, terminal or axillary.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, free or nearly so, valvate.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle disk-like, entire, granular or fimbriate, sometimes 4-sided.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6–? on a very short androgynophore.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid or globose with a gynophore, 1-locular with 6–12 or occasionally numerous ovules on 1–2 placentas; style short or almost absent; stigma capitate or subcapitate, rarely 2-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose, indehiscent, shortly stalked or subsessile, crustaceous or leathery.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1-several, embedded in pulp; testa crustaceous, often rugose; cotyledons folded, radicle curved.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Boscia Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Peck, E.F. [14], Somalia 9004.000

    First published in Tabl. Encycl.: t. 395 (1793)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Gilg & Benedict in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 53: 203 (1915).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 91
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Tabl. Encycl. Méth. Bot.: t. 395 (1797) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 17B: 188 (1936), non Thunb. (1794)
    • text. vol. 2: 517 (1819)
    • Tabl. Encycl. Méth. Bot.: t. 395 (1793)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0