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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil to S. South America.
Eugenia uniflora L.

[FTEA]

Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched shrub or smalltree 3–10 m tall, leaves ovate, 2–6.3 cm long, 1.3–3.3 cm wide, obtuse or obtusely acuminate at the apex, rounded at the base, glabrous; petiole 2 mm long; flowers solitary or ± 4 in fascicles; pedicels slender, 1.5–2.5 cm long, glabrous, with oblong brown gland-dotted bracts 7 mm long at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 4 mm long, 1.5–2.5 mm wide, reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 50–60.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit green turning orange, bright red, deep scarlet or dark purplish maroon (almost black), oblate, 1.4–2.5 cm diameter, 7–8-ribbed, juicy and edible with either 1 large or 2–3 smaller seeds.

[FWTA]

Myrtaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A shrub or small tree
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ridged, with smooth red skin.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1000 - 1850 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto

[FZ]

Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 7 m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 6 x 3 cm., ovate or ovate-elliptic, apex bluntly subacuminate, base rounded; lower surface glabrous; lateral nerves in 7–9 pairs, indistinct; petiole 0·2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 1·5–2·5 cm. long, white, solitary or few together, axillary; pedicels very slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, 0·45 x 0·3 cm., ovate-deltate, strongly reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 0·6 x 0·3 cm., obovate-elliptic, strongly reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 0·5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 0·6 cm. long, punctiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry 1·5–2·5 cm. in diameter, depressed-globose, crimson.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cereza, cereza cuadrada, cereza de Cayena, cereza de morrocoy, cereza de Surinam, cerezo, cerezo de morrocoy, grosella, grosella roja, mirto, pitanga

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gabon, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Honduras, India, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Mexico Southeast, Niue, Norfolk Is., Panamá, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Senegal, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Windward Is.

Eugenia uniflora L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 21, 2015 Franca [2191], Brazil K000993446
Jul 10, 2013 Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001021265
Jul 10, 2013 Fiebrig, K. [187], Paraguay K001021264
Jul 9, 2013 Hassler, E. [505/A], Paraguay K001021268
Jul 8, 2013 Hassler, E. [777], Paraguay K001021270
Jul 8, 2013 Hassler, E. [7469], Paraguay K001021269
Jul 8, 2013 Hassler, E. [505b], Paraguay K001021267
Jul 8, 2013 Hassler, E. [7349], Paraguay K001021266
Jul 8, 2013 Hassler, E. [4425], Paraguay K001021271
Jan 1, 2013 Prévost, M.F. [4829], French Guiana K001021272
Feb 1, 2012 Fiaschi, P. et al. [3475], Brazil Southeast K000567121
Jan 1, 2012 Queiroz [1869], Brazil K000567261
Jan 1, 2012 Harley, R.M. et al. [28261], Brazil K000567262
Jul 1, 2011 Forzza, R.C. et al. [5740], Brazil Southeast K000566937
Jan 1, 2011 Villarroel [2130], Bolivia K000567039
Jan 1, 2010 Wood [25375], Bolivia K000567227
Jun 1, 2009 Wood, J.R.I. et al. [25131], Bolivia K000565524
Nov 1, 2008 Mazine, F.F. [1087], Brazil K001021263
Mar 13, 2008 Leitão, F. [273], Brazil K001021273
Mar 1, 2005 Jonsson, G. [1037a], Brazil K001021254
Jan 1, 2005 Hooker [s.n.], Brazil K001021295
Jan 1, 2005 Pride, A. [s.n.], Paraguay K001021300
Jan 1, 2005 Burchell, W.J. [2994], Brazil K001021294
Jan 1, 2005 Hassler, E. [807], Paraguay K001021299
Jul 1, 2004 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001021285
Jun 1, 2004 Hage, J.L. [2203], Bahia K000276678
Dec 10, 1998 Braga, J.M.A. [5106], Rio de Janeiro K000066070
Jan 1, 1998 Stannard, B. [H51682], Bahia K000001622
Nov 15, 1997 Braga, J.M.A. [4454], Rio de Janeiro K000066069
Jan 1, 1996 Chagas-Silva [2168], Brazil K000066071
Jan 1, 1994 Chagas e Silva, F. [1742], Brazil K001021257
Jan 1, 1992 Prance, G.T. [26571], Brazil K001021286
Sep 9, 1991 Chagas e Silva, F. [1421], Brazil K001021258
Jan 1, 1987 Araújo, D. [386], Brazil K001021276
Jan 1, 1987 Usteri, P.A. [186b], Brazil K001021247
Jan 1, 1987 Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001021244
Jan 1, 1987 Hooker [s.n.], Brazil K001021245
Jan 1, 1987 Sucre, D. [9551], Brazil K001021275
Apr 1, 1986 Farney, C. [921], Brazil K001021278
Jan 6, 1986 Farney, C. [342], Brazil K001021279
Mar 22, 1984 Andreata, R.H.P. [495], Brazil K001021277
Mar 10, 1976 Eiten, G. [3329], Brazil K001021262
Jul 7, 1962 Martins, H.F. [144], Brazil K001021246
Jan 1, 1960 Woolston, A.L. [1111], Paraguay K001021301
Jan 1, 1959 Woolston, A.L. [1025], Paraguay K001021302
27977.000
Harrison, S.G. [855], Guyana K001021240
Gehrt, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001021259
Glaziou [9439], Brazil K001021282
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001021287
Gardner [43], Brazil K001021297
Florence [10780], Pitcairn K000649723
s.coll [s.n.], India K001000109
Hutton, I. [862], Australia K001000351
Florence J. [6169], French Polynesia K001000499
Florence, J. [3659b], French Polynesia K001000501
Thomson, M. [914], Ghana K001002324
Rusby, H.H. [2082], Bolivia K001003065
Kelly, J.F. [1182], Argentina K001003260
Pederson, T.M. [6626], Argentina K001003264
s.coll [s.n.], Mauritius K001003315
Woerjantoro [17], Indonesia K001003349
Vogel [s.n.], Niger K001003359
Vermoesen, F.M.C. [2220], Congo, DRC K001003370
Preston, T.A.Rev [s.n.], Mauritius K001003405
s.coll [s.n.], Mauritius K001003407
Barclay [s.n.], Mauritius K001003411
Wood, J.R.I. [25375], Bolivia K001024051
Ichaso, C.L.F. [104], Brazil K001021248
Ferrucci, M.M. [6197], Argentina K001003265
Robertson, S.A. [2589], Seychelles K001003394
Eyerdam, W.J. [22736], Argentina K001003275
Brace [489], Bahamas K001002330
Renvoize, S.A. [3211], Argentina K001003259
Usteri, A. [81], Brazil K001021260
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001021296
Wallich, N. [3623] K000821523
Glaziou [11980], Brazil K001021288
Greenway, P.J. [2922], Tanzania K001003380
Kirk, D. [1867], Seychelles K001003398
Florence [11124], French Polynesia K001000498
Obando, C. [2904], Argentina K001003249
Wright, C. [2433], Cuba K001002338
Gardiner, J.S. [s.n.], Seychelles K001003395
Farquhar, J.H.J. [s.n.], Mauritius K000821585
Homble, J. [289], Congo, DRC K001003369
Williams, G.R. [548], Kenya K001003385
St.John, H. [15061], Pitcairn K000649720
Deighton, F.C. [4310], Sierra Leone K001003357
Matthew, K.M. [5272], India K001000113
Carmelich, J.N. [1343], Argentina K001003261
Horne, J. [382], Seychelles K001003396
Ruffo, C.K. [595], Tanzania K001003378
s.coll [Procter 4478], Seychelles K001003392
Jorgensen, P. [3649], Paraguay K001021308
s.coll [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K001002322
St.John, H. [14881], French Polynesia K001000502
s.coll. [34], Brazil K001021305
Andreata, R.H.P. [967], Brazil K001021274
Fox [31], Brazil K001021290
Farang [510], Thailand K001000252
Melillo, A. [2344], Argentina K001003263
Greenway, P.J. [934] K001003387
Sellow [d.2214], Uruguay K000276587
Porton, T.A. [s.n.], Mauritius K001003409
Balansa, B. [1298a], Paraguay K001021303
Harris, W. [5080], Jamaica K001002327
McGregor, G.M. [39893], Zimbabwe K001003389
Stoffers, A.L. [3339], Netherlands Antilles K001002323
Balfour, I.B.Dr. [s.n.], Mauritius K001003412
Usteri [122], Brazil K001021261
Sellow [395], São Paulo K000276456
Broadway, W.E. [440], Grenada K001002334
Longman, H.A. [s.n.], Australia K001003353
Schafer, P.A. [5494], French Polynesia K001000500
Giacobbi, O.I. [316], Argentina K001003250
Soakai, E. [1007], Tonga K001000484
Deighton, F.C. [2418], Sierra Leone K001003362
Gray, B. [1126], Australia K001000352
Goulding, L. [s.n.], St. Vincent & the Grenadines K001002336
Solomon, J.C. [11221], Bolivia K001003064
s.coll [s.n.], Mauritius K001003410
Alebeaux, J. [106], Congo K001003367
Raizada, M.B. [s.n.], India K001003329
Lorentz [s.n.] K001003267
s.coll [s.n.], Mauritius K001003408
Cadet, Th. [4389], Reunion K001003403
Venturi, S. [5208], Argentina K001003273
Ichaso, C.L.F. [104], Brazil K001021249
Pederson, T.M. [420], Argentina K001003268
Morton, J.K. [A 4668], Ghana K001003363
Gardner [43], Brazil K001021251
Hu, Shiu Ying [11588], Hong Kong K001003327
Chagas e Silva, F. [1742], Brazil K001021256
Powell, D.A. [475], Christmas I. K001000275
Welwitsh [4576], Angola K001003390
Friis, I. [3958], Ethiopia K001000921
Holst, B.K. [8869] K000066151
Bordas, E. [1046], Paraguay K001021309
Solomon, J.C. [11192], Bolivia K001003063
Troupin, G. [16301], Rwanda K001000907
Goulding, L. [s.n.], St. Vincent & the Grenadines K001002335
Hooker, W.J. [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K001002333
Andoh, J.E. [4599], Australia K001003361
Ragonese, A.E. [2597], Argentina K001003251
Hooker, W.J. [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K001002321
Wallich, N. [3623] K000821524
Gentry, A. [51780], Argentina K001003266
Yuncker, T.G. [9982], Niue K001000483
Muray, D. [576], Dominica K001002331
Goodenough, B. [s.n.] K001002328
Lindeman, J.C. [2076], Brazil K001021255
Mukri [s.n.], Indonesia K001003348
Matthew, K.M. [71492], India K001000106
Mann, G. [1129], Sao Tome and Principe K000821632
Gregory, H. [3021], United Kingdom K001003325
s.coll [3021], United Kingdom K001003322
Wall, J. [3623] K001003314
Kelly, J.F. [769], Argentina K001003253
s.coll [H1443/60], United Kingdom K001003317
Dang, D. [186], Cameroon K001000908
Guillaumin, A. [9379], New Caledonia K001000407
Cadet, Th. [4389], Reunion K001003402
Beechey [s.n.], French Polynesia K001000503
Florence [10850], Pitcairn K000649722
Devoto [697], Argentina K001003252
Harley, R.M. [24819], Brazil K001021284
s.coll [s.n.], Jamaica K001002337
Smith, J.E. [s.n.], India K001000108
Croat, T.B. [32457], Madagascar K001001276
Johnson, W.H. [1068] K001002325
Wright, P. [s.n.], Seychelles K001003399
Yasuda Keiko [341], Japan K001024018
Florence [10790], Pitcairn K000649724
Svjinini, A. [7002], Argentina K001003271
Pedersen, T.M. [5987], Paraguay K001021306
Procter [4278], Seychelles K001001275
Corbisier-Baland, A. [1915], Congo, DRC K001003368
Christophersen, E. [426], Samoa K001000482
Mangieri, H. [317], Argentina K001003256
Venturi, S. [9401], Argentina K001003274
Brown, S. [276], Bermuda K000676759
Wiabaku, J. [72363], Papua New Guinea K001003352
Clemens, M.S. [s.n.], Australia K001003354
Neville, G. [s.n.], Seychelles K001003397
Irvine, F.R. [1895], Ghana K001003365
Sanou, L. [ML-615], Mali K001003356
Hostmann [35], Suriname K001021241
Sellow [1641], São Paulo K000276455
Lindeman, J.C. [1594], Brazil K001021253
Lowe [105], Portugal K001003316
Thompson, J.B. [441], Guam K001000520
Hunt, D.R. [6365], Brazil K001021292
Sellow [782], Paraná K000276454 Unknown type material
Devoto, F. [1857], Argentina K001003262
Soleman, R. [6055], Tanzania K001003382
Sagot, P.A. [258], French Guiana K001021243
Morton, J.K. [SL 4175], Sierra Leone K001003364
Cunningham [s.n.], Brazil K001021252
Solomon, J.C. [11140], Bolivia K001003061
Dawe, M.T. [236], Angola K001003388
Nicholson, D. [15], Antigua & Barbuda K001002332
Baikie [1962], Sao Tome and Principe K000821631
Balansa, B. [1298], Paraguay K001021304
Snowden, J.D. [1829], Uganda K001003381
Mwangangi, O.M. [2027], Kenya K001003384
Mathenge, S.G. [463], Kenya K001003386
Moloko, J. [1221], Argentina K001003257
s.coll [8599] K001002329
Friedmann, F. [626], Reunion K001003401
Hassler, E. [11286], Paraguay K001021307
Strang, H.E. [582], Brazil K001021250
Gibert, M.E. [635], Uruguay K001003255
Montes, J.E. [3436], Argentina K001003254
Renvoize, S.A. [3211], Argentina K001003258
Schinini, A. [5182], Argentina K001003269
Gerardo, J. [34354], Philippines K001000314
Burchell, W.J. [1008], Brazil K001021298
Ruffo, C.K. [s.n.], Tanzania K001003377
s.coll [661] K001002326
Tweedie [56], Brazil K001021293
Bojess [s.n.], India K001000107
Baum.-Bod [14532], New Caledonia K001000408
Fandey, H. [TTSA/MSB116], Tanzania K001003379
Florence [10819], Pitcairn K000649721
Walker, E.H. [6094], Japan K001000001
Glaziou [12724], Brazil K001021280
Farquhar, J.H.J. [s.n.], Mauritius K000821586
Harley, R.M. [24819], Brazil K001021283
Beck, St.G. [9565], Bolivia K001003062
Nontes, J.R. [14765], Argentina K001003270
Schinini, A. [4848], Argentina K001003272
Pullan [14341], Kenya K001003383
Proctor [4278], Seychelles K001003393
Bernardi, L. [14832], Mauritius K001003404
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001021291
Lorence, D. [2300], Mauritius K001003406
Welwitsh [4576], Angola K001003391
Kirk [s.n.], Seychelles K001003400
Elliot, G.F.S. [3996], Sierra Leone K001003358
Rowland, J.W. [s.n.], Nigeria K001003360
Eyerdam, W.J. [22688], Argentina K001003276
Douglas [690], Brazil K001021289
Maitland, T.D. [94], Cameroon K001003366
Riedel [235], Bahia Stenocalyx michelii K000018792
Morong, T. [894], Paraguay Eugenia michelii K001021311
s.coll. [4], Paraguay Eugenia michelii K001021310
s.coll [s.n.], Solomon Is. Eugenia michelii K001000340
Sellow [1095.1657], São Paulo Eugenia arechavaletae K000276464

First published in Sp. Pl.: 470 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Amorim, B.S. & Alves, M. (2012). Myrtaceae from lowland Atlantic rainforest in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil Phytotaxa 40: 33-54.
  • Barrie, F.R. (2005). Personal communication on Myrtaceae Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wilder, G. P. (1934). The flora of Makatea CNV Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 120: 1-49.
  • Wilson, P.G. (2009). Conspectus of the genus Eugenia (Myrtaceae) in the Philippines Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 60: 399-410.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zappi, D.C. & al. (2003). Lista das plantas vasculares de Catoles Boletim de Botânica da Universidade de São Paulo 21(2): 345-398.
  • de Lima Lourenço, A.R. & de Vasconcellos Barbosa, M.R. (2012). Myrtaceae em restingas no limite norte de distribuição da Mata Atlântica, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 63: 373-393.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Sp. Pl. 1: 470 (1753).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Amorim, B.S. & Alves, M. (2012). Myrtaceae from lowland Atlantic rainforest in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil Phytotaxa 40: 33-54.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
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