1. Asphodelaceae Juss.

    1. This family is accepted.

[FTEA]

Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Habit
Perennial rhizomatous herbs usually containing anthraquinones thatcolour the rhizome and roots yellowish inside; roots fibrous, sometimes swollen or occasionally with tubers
Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette, or rarely distichous, rarely on a short woody stem, lanceolate to linear or terete
Inflorescences
Inflorescence simple or paniculate; pedicels solitary and subtended by a single bract, not articulated or articulated at the apex Peduncle mostly naked, occasionally a few sterile bracts below the inflorescence
Flowers
Flowers bisexual, hypogynous; tepals 3+3, free or fused
Androecium
Stamens 3+3, free or slightly fused to the perianth; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed, ± versatile, dehiscing longitudinally introrsely
Gynoecium
Ovary 3-locular, with 2–several ovules per locule; placentation axile; style slender with a small stigma
Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule
Seeds
Seeds enveloped by a dull brown or greyish black aril
[FZ]

Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Habit
Perennial herbs, often herbaceous geophytes perennating by rhizomes, acaulescent, rarely caulescent; rhizome often yellow when cut, sometimes pinkish
Roots
Roots fibrous, sometimes swollen or fusiform
Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette, or sometimes ± distichous on a short woody stem; lamina linear, flat to ± terete
Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or lateral, pedunculate with flowers racemosely or paniculately arranged; peduncle (scape) erect, leafless, occasionally with 1–3 sterile bracts below the inflorescence; pedicels subtended by a bract, non-articulated, or articulated at the apex
Flowers
Flowers bisexual, 3-merous, actinomorphic; perianth petaloid, segments (tepals) of 3 inner and 3 outer, free or fused, white or pink, greenish- or pale yellow, yellow or red
Androecium
Stamens of 3 inner and 3 outer, free or slightly fused to the perianth; filaments filiform, glabrous, scabrid or hairy; anthers dorsifixed, ± versatile, longitudinally introrse dehiscent
Gynoecium
Ovary superior, 3-locular with axile placentation; ovules 2–many per locule; style slender with a small stigma
Fruits
Fruit a capsule with loculicidal dehiscence
Seeds
Seeds dull brown or greyish-black, sometimes arillate
Chemistry
Anthraquinones present in some taxa, giving the rhizome and sometimes the roots a yellowish colour inside
[FZ]

Hemerocallidaceae, C. Zimudzi & G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Habit
Perennial herbs or subshrubs, glabrous, rhizomatous
Leaves
Leaves distichous, sometimes with bases overlapping (equitant), clustered or evenly spaced on the stem, ovate to linear, sheathing at the base or not; lamina ± flattened throughout, or folded together lengthwise in the lower part and opened out in the upper part
Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, paniculiform or of a solitary flower
Flowers
Flowers hypogynous or perigynous, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, usually articulated on pedicels
Perianth
Perianth wholly or partially marcescent; tepals 6, free or shortly united into a tube
Androecium
Stamens 6, all free and hypogynous or inserted on tepal bases, or all connate at the base with 3 hypogynous and 3 inserted on tepal bases; anther filaments ornamented or not; anthers basifixed or dorsifixed, dehiscing latrorsely by pores or slits Pollen trichotomosulcate (sulcate in Hemerocallis)
Gynoecium
Ovary syncarpous, 3- or 1-locular; style simple, terminating in a small capitate stigma or tuft of short hairs; ovules anatropous on axile or parietal placentas, bitegmic, 1–numerous on each placenta
Fruits
Fruit a berry or capsule; seeds black, exarillate
[FZ]

Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Habit
Herbs, shrubs, or trees, often with thickened roots
Leaves
Leaves usually perennial, fleshy, sheathing at the base and occasionally forming an underground bulb, in rosettes or spirally arranged, sometimes distichous, linear to lanceolate or ovate to triangular-conical; the margins with spine-tipped teeth or entire and sometimes ciliate; lamina smooth, rough or warty
Inflorescences
Inflorescences pedunculate with flowers in 1–several terminal and axillary racemes, simple or paniculately arranged; bracts scarious, often sterile below the racemes, sometimes leaf-like on the lower part of the peduncle
Flowers
Flowers bisexual, 3-merous, often zygomorphic, pedicellate, red, orange, yellow, white, or green, often bird-pollinated; perianth-segments 6, fused in the lower part to form a tube, the lobes in 2 whorls; stamens 6, inserted at the base of the ovary; ovary superior, 3-locular; style simple
Fruits
Capsule dehiscing loculicidally
Seeds
Seeds several to numerous in each locule, often winged

Images

Asphodelaceae Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 51. 1789 [4 Aug 1789] (1789)

Accepted by

  • APG IV (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385

Sources

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0