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This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to China (S. Yunnan) and W. Malesia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.
Syzygium jambos

[FZ]

Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen tree up to 15 m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 20 x 5·5 cm., narrowly lanceolate, apex attenuate-subacuminate, base cuneate; lateral nerves widely spaced, up to 1 cm. apart.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a ± 5–6-flowered terminal corymb; pedicels c. 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle (including pseudopedicel) + calyx c. 1·8 cm. long, upper receptacle 0·2–0·4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 4, 0·5 x 0·8 cm. long, hemi-orbicular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, c. 1·8 x 1·2 cm., obovate, acute, caducous, not calyptrate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments c. 4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 4·5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 4·5 cm. in diameter, pyriform, white or yellowish, tinged with rose.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 30 - 2350 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Tree.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 2350 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Small tree
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate, up to 20 x 5.5 cm, acute or subacuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, with widely spaced (c. 1 cm) lateral nerves; petiole c. 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences few-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium (including pedicel-like lower part) and calyx together c. 18 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 40 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits pear-shaped, up to 4.5 cm in diam., tinged with rose.
Distribution
Recorded as planted in N1 or N2 in Cuf. Enum.: 626 (1959); native of tropical Asia
Vernacular
Rose apple (English).

[FTEA]

Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Much branched bushy glabrous evergreen tree, 7.5–15 m tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate, 8–20 cm long, 1.3–5.5 cm wide, very acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, ± coriaceous; petiole 5–10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± 5 cm in diameter, in terminal corymbs; pedicels 3–9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes broadly rounded, 5–8 mm long, 8–12 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white or yellowish, ± round, 1.5 cm diameter, concave.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens yellow, very conspicuous, 3–4 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4–5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit white or pale yellow, rose-tinged, subglobose or pyriform, 2.5–5 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, 1-seeded, the flesh edible and rose-scented.
Habitat
Cultivated but in Zanzibar undoubtedly naturalised in forest on loam over coral; cultivated 0–1350 m, only known to be naturalised at 10–20 m
Distribution
K T1 T3 T6 U Z native of tropical Asia now widely cultivated throughout the tropics and occasionally naturalised

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
manzanita de rosa, poma, pomarrosa, pomarrosa común, pomarroso, pomo, pomorroso, pomorroso de Castilla

[UPB]
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

[FSOM]
Use
Widely grown in the tropics for its edible fruit.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Belize, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Madeira, Marianas, Marquesas, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Panamá, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Society Is., Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

Spanish
Pomarroso, jambos, manzana rosa, yambo.

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK3163], Vietnam K000566658
May 1, 2010 Hamilton, M.A. et al. [MH786], Montserrat K000566952
Jan 1, 2010 Luke, W.R.Q. et al. [13402], Guinea K000566711
Jan 1, 2010 Lim, S.P. [S90455], Malaysia K000566539
Mar 30, 2009 Kamarudin [FRI 38520], Malaya K000565313
Mar 30, 2009 Lee [EL 33], Malaya K000565331
Jan 1, 2005 Beccari, O. [3871], Sarawak K000258585
Jan 1, 2005 Haviland, G.D. [2146], Sarawak K000258586 isotype
Jul 13, 2004 Wong [2211], Sabah K000170898
Jul 13, 2004 Kulip [135986], Sabah K000170896
Jul 13, 2004 Kessler et al. [1874], Kalimantan K000170894
Jan 1, 1999 Coudreau, M. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383235
Jan 1, 1999 Rabe, J. [61], Madagascar K000383234
Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [6107], Cameroon K000050104
Welwitsch, F.M.J. [4589] K000800483
Decary, M.R. [26640], Madagascar K000383236
Scott-Elliot, G.F. [2227], Madagascar K000383242
s.coll. [1238], Peninsular Malaysia K000786838
Hodgkin, H.T. [64], Madagascar K000383239
Major, F. [37], Madagascar K000383237
Baron, R. [2502], Madagascar K000383241
s.coll. [1238], Peninsular Malaysia K000786840
s.coll. [735], Singapore K000786839
s.coll. [4590] K000800484
Hildebrandt, J.M. [4067], Madagascar K000383240
Baron, R. [4184], Madagascar K000383238
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3608] Eugenia decora K001119806
Jeffrey, C., Seychelles Eugenia jambos 22890.000
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119827
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119828
Kamrup [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119831
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119833
Humblot, M. [s.n.], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001437
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119826
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119830
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119824
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1598], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001438
Noton, E. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119832
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119823
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 3615], Malaysia Eugenia jambos K001119834
Jack, W. [Cat. no. 3615], Malaysia Eugenia jambos K001119829
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119825
Schlieben, H.J. [11157], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001436

First published in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 115 (1931)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Herrera, K., Lorence, D.H., Flynn, T. & Balick, M.J. (2010). Checklist of the Vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with local names and uses Allertonia 10: 1-204.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
  • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
  • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.427.2.2/38099 epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
  • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
  • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wilder, G. P. (1934). The flora of Makatea CNV Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 120: 1-49.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
  • Zizka, G. (1991). Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin & G. Moggi [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.): 115 (1931).
  • Amshoff in Fl. Gabon 11: 17 (1966).
  • Ashton, Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 2:427 (1981).
  • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 4: 204 (1978).
  • Thulin & Moggi in Fl. Somalia 1: 245 (1993).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/