1. Family: Myrtaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Syzygium Gaertn.
      1. Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to W. Malesia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [FZ]

    Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Evergreen tree up to 15 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 20 x 5·5 cm., narrowly lanceolate, apex attenuate-subacuminate, base cuneate; lateral nerves widely spaced, up to 1 cm. apart.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a ± 5–6-flowered terminal corymb; pedicels c. 1 cm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle (including pseudopedicel) + calyx c. 1·8 cm. long, upper receptacle 0·2–0·4 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 4, 0·5 x 0·8 cm. long, hemi-orbicular.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, c. 1·8 x 1·2 cm., obovate, acute, caducous, not calyptrate.
    Filaments
    Filaments c. 4 cm. long.
    Style
    Style c. 4·5 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 4·5 cm. in diameter, pyriform, white or yellowish, tinged with rose.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Distribution
    Cultivated in Colombia.
    Ecology
    Alt. 30 - 2350 m.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Habit
    Tree.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 2350 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
    Habit
    Árbol
    [FTEA]

    Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Much branched bushy glabrous evergreen tree, 7.5–15 m tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate, 8–20 cm long, 1.3–5.5 cm wide, very acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, ± coriaceous; petiole 5–10 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers ± 5 cm in diameter, in terminal corymbs; pedicels 3–9 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes broadly rounded, 5–8 mm long, 8–12 mm wide.
    Corolla
    Petals white or yellowish, ± round, 1.5 cm diameter, concave.
    Stamens
    Stamens yellow, very conspicuous, 3–4 cm long.
    Style
    Style 4–5 cm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit white or pale yellow, rose-tinged, subglobose or pyriform, 2.5–5 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, 1-seeded, the flesh edible and rose-scented.
    Habitat
    Cultivated but in Zanzibar undoubtedly naturalised in forest on loam over coral; cultivated 0–1350 m, only known to be naturalised at 10–20 m
    Distribution
    K T1 T3 T6 U Z native of tropical Asia now widely cultivated throughout the tropics and occasionally naturalised
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Belize, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Madeira, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Society Is., Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Pomarroso, jambos, manzana rosa, yambo.

    Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2010 Lim, S.P. [S90455], Malaysia K000566539
    Jan 1, 2005 Haviland, G.D. [2146], Sarawak K000258586 isotype
    Jan 1, 2005 Beccari, O. [3871], Sarawak K000258585
    Jan 1, 1999 Rabe, J. [61], Madagascar K000383234
    Jan 1, 1999 Coudreau, M. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383235
    Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [6107], Cameroon K000050104
    Decary, M.R. [26640], Madagascar K000383236
    Baron, R. [4184], Madagascar K000383238
    Baron, R. [2502], Madagascar K000383241
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [4067], Madagascar K000383240
    Welwitsch, F.M.J. [4589] K000800483
    Major, F. [37], Madagascar K000383237
    Hodgkin, H.T. [64], Madagascar K000383239
    Scott-Elliot, G.F. [2227], Madagascar K000383242
    s.coll. [1238], Peninsular Malaysia K000786838
    s.coll. [735], Singapore K000786839
    s.coll. [1238], Peninsular Malaysia K000786840
    s.coll. [4590] K000800484
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3608] Eugenia decora K001119806
    Jeffrey, C., Seychelles Eugenia jambos 22890.000
    Schlieben, H.J. [11157], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001436
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1598], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001438
    Humblot, M. [s.n.], Comoros Eugenia jambos K001001437
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 3615], Malaysia Eugenia jambos K001119834
    Jack, W. [Cat. no. 3615], Malaysia Eugenia jambos K001119829
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119823
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119824
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119825
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119826
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119827
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119828
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119830
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3615] Eugenia jambos K001119833
    Noton, E. [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119832
    Kamrup [Cat. no. 3615], India Eugenia jambos K001119831

    First published in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 115 (1931)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
    • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
    • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
    • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Zizka, G. (1991). Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin & Moggi in Fl. Somalia 1: 245 (1993).
    • Ashton, Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 2:427 (1981).
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 4: 204 (1978).
    • Amshoff in Fl. Gabon 11: 17 (1966).
    • Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.): 115 (1931).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/