1. Family: Myrtaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Syzygium Gaertn.
      1. Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indo-China to Vanuatu.

    [FTEA]

    Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Conical tree 6–18 m tall with dense foliage and smooth flaky bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves very variable, oblong to elliptic, 16–34 cm long, 5–15 cm wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, subcoriaceous; petiole 0.5–1.5 cm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers crimson in ± sessile clusters on new or old wood.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5 cm long, 8 mm wide with lobes ± round, 5 mm long, 4 mm wide.
    Corolla
    Petals elliptic, 10 mm long, 8 mm wide, obtuse.
    Fruits
    Fruit white, yellow, reddish or pink-blotched, obovoid or oblong-pyriform, 2.5–6 cm long, scented, crowned with enlarged green sepals.
    Distribution
    Native of India, Malaya (U.O.P.Z.) and Polynesia (T.T.C.L.) now very widely cultivated in the tropics.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Cambodia, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Is., Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Belize, Borneo, Central African Repu, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Galápagos, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Marquesas, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niue, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2014 Carvalho, M.F. [2942-1], Equatorial Guinea K000752884
    Jan 1, 2014 Carvalho, M.F. [4310-2; 12060(1)], Equatorial Guinea K000752885
    Nov 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [248], Cameroon K000197664
    Wallich, N. [3607], Bangladesh K000793881
    Wallich, N. [3611], Nepal K000793882
    s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000800089
    s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000800090
    s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000800091
    Verdcourt, B. [102], Tanzania Jambosa malaccensis 16196.000
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3610] Eugenia purpurea K001119808
    Waterhouse, J.H.L. [844], Papua New Guinea Eugenia malaccensis 8599.000
    Plowman, T. [2468], Peru Eugenia malaccensis K001002923
    Fosberg, F.R. [47428] Eugenia malaccensis K001002578
    Guichard, K.M. [s.n.], Comoros Eugenia malaccensis K001001440
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3611] Eugenia malaccensis K001119809
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3611] Eugenia malaccensis K001119810
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3611] Eugenia malaccensis K001119811
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3611] Eugenia malaccensis K001119812
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3611] Eugenia malaccensis K001119813
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3611] Eugenia malaccensis K001119814
    Prynlon, R.J. [18038], Comoros Eugenia malaccensis K001001439
    Pamplon, R.J. [18038], Comoros Eugenia malaccensis K001001441

    First published in J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 215 (1938)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
    • Byng, J.W., Wilson, P.G. & Snow, N. (2015). Typifications and nomenlcatural notes on Indian Myrtaceae Phytotaxa 217(2): 101-116.
    • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
    • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Wheatley, J.I. (1992). A guide to the common trees of Vanuatu. With lists of their traditional uses & ni-Vanuatu names: 1-308. Department of Forestry, Port Vila.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Byng, J.W., Wilson, P.G. & Snow, N. (2015). Typifications and nomenlcatural notes on Indian Myrtaceae Phytotaxa 217(2): 101-116.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
    • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Wheatley, J.I. (1992). A guide to the common trees of Vanuatu. With lists of their traditional uses & ni-Vanuatu names: 1-308. Department of Forestry, Port Vila.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Whitmore, T.C. (1966). Guide to the forests of the British Solomon islands: 1-208. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0