1. Family: Cymodoceaceae Vines
    1. Genus: Cymodocea K.D.Koenig
      1. Cymodocea rotundata Asch. & Schweinf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Red Sea to Madagascar, Tropical Asia to W. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Cymodoceaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Marine herb; rhizome delicate, each node with 1– 3 irregularly branched roots and erect stem to 6 cm long with 2– 7 leaves; internodes 1– 4.5 cm long; scales to 1 cm long.
    Leaves
    Leaf with sheath pale purplish, slightly obconical, 1.5– 5.5 cm long, the auriculae 0.5– 1.5 mm long, acute, the ligule 0.5 mm long; old sheaths forming a scarious mass; scar closed; blade linear, often slightly falcate, 7– 15 cm long, 2– 4(– 5) mm wide, entire, rarely slightly spinulose, apex rounded, sometimes slightly emarginate; nerves 9– 15.
    Flowers
    Staminate flower stalked; anthers 11 mm long. Pistillate flower of very small ovary and short style, the stigmas > 3 cm long, spirally coiled.
    Male
    Staminate flower stalked; anthers 11 mm long.
    Female
    Pistillate flower of very small ovary and short style, the stigmas > 3 cm long, spirally coiled.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1– 2, sessile, semicircular and laterally compressed, to 10 mm long, 6 mm wide and 1.5 mm thick, with 3 dorsal parallel ridges, the middle one with conspicuous teeth, and with 1 ventral ridge with 3– 4 teeth, beak apical, persistent, 2 mm long.
    Habitat
    On coral or sand, exposed at low tide or always submerged; sea-level
    Distribution
    from Egypt to Mozambique, Madagascar to the W Pacific and Viêt-Nam K7 T6 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Caroline Is., Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen

    Cymodocea rotundata Asch. & Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schweinfurth, G. [188], South Africa K000346091 Unknown type material

    First published in Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1870: 84 (1870)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Beentje, H.J. (2002). Cymodoceaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-10.
    • Kuo, J. & de Hertog, C. (2001). Seagrass taxonomy and identification key Global Seagrass Research Methods: 31-78. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
    • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Insitition Press, Washington.
    • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
    • Jumelle, H. (1950). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 21-22 Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique Colonial de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Flore Analytique et Synoptique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie: 1-369. Office de la recherche scientifique coloniale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Jumelle, H. (1950). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 21-22 Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique Colonial de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bandeira in Guide Seashores E. Africa: 66, fig. (1997).
    • Moorjani & B. Simpson, Seaweeds Kenya Coast: 8, t. 1b (1988).
    • Hartog, Sea-grasses of the World: 166, fig. 47, 49b (1970).
    • Isaac in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 27 (1): 36, t. 4a– b (1968).
    • Jumelle in Fl. Madag. 21: 14 (1950).
    • E. Cohen in S. Afr. Journ. Sci. 36: 246, 247 (1939).
    • A. Benn. in Flora of Tropical Africa 8: 230 (1901).
    • T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 501 (1894).
    • Asch. & Schweinf. in Sitz. Ges. Nat. Freunde Berlin 1870: 84 (1870).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0