Skip to main content
  1. Family: Cymodoceaceae Vines
    1. Genus: Cymodocea K.D.Koenig
      1. Cymodocea rotundata Asch. & Schweinf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Red Sea to Madagascar, Tropical Asia to W. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Cymodoceaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Marine herb; rhizome delicate, each node with 1– 3 irregularly branched roots and erect stem to 6 cm long with 2– 7 leaves; internodes 1– 4.5 cm long; scales to 1 cm long.
    Leaves
    Leaf with sheath pale purplish, slightly obconical, 1.5– 5.5 cm long, the auriculae 0.5– 1.5 mm long, acute, the ligule 0.5 mm long; old sheaths forming a scarious mass; scar closed; blade linear, often slightly falcate, 7– 15 cm long, 2– 4(– 5) mm wide, entire, rarely slightly spinulose, apex rounded, sometimes slightly emarginate; nerves 9– 15.
    Flowers
    Staminate flower stalked; anthers 11 mm long. Pistillate flower of very small ovary and short style, the stigmas > 3 cm long, spirally coiled.
    Male
    Staminate flower stalked; anthers 11 mm long.
    Female
    Pistillate flower of very small ovary and short style, the stigmas > 3 cm long, spirally coiled.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1– 2, sessile, semicircular and laterally compressed, to 10 mm long, 6 mm wide and 1.5 mm thick, with 3 dorsal parallel ridges, the middle one with conspicuous teeth, and with 1 ventral ridge with 3– 4 teeth, beak apical, persistent, 2 mm long.
    Habitat
    On coral or sand, exposed at low tide or always submerged; sea-level
    Distribution
    from Egypt to Mozambique, Madagascar to the W Pacific and Viêt-Nam K7 T6 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Caroline Is., Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cymodocea rotundata Asch. & Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schweinfurth, G. [188], South Africa K000346091 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 1870: 84 (1870)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Beentje, H.J. (2002). Cymodoceaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-10.
    • Kuo, J. & de Hertog, C. (2001). Seagrass taxonomy and identification key Global Seagrass Research Methods: 31-78. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
    • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Insitition Press, Washington.
    • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
    • Jumelle, H. (1950). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 21-22 Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique Colonial de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Flore Analytique et Synoptique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie: 1-369. Office de la recherche scientifique coloniale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Jumelle, H. (1950). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 21-22 Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique Colonial de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Bandeira in Guide Seashores E. Africa: 66, fig. (1997).
    • Moorjani & B. Simpson, Seaweeds Kenya Coast: 8, t. 1b (1988).
    • Hartog, Sea-grasses of the World: 166, fig. 47, 49b (1970).
    • Isaac in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 27 (1): 36, t. 4a– b (1968).
    • Jumelle in Fl. Madag. 21: 14 (1950).
    • E. Cohen in S. Afr. Journ. Sci. 36: 246, 247 (1939).
    • A. Benn. in Flora of Tropical Africa 8: 230 (1901).
    • T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 501 (1894).
    • Asch. & Schweinf. in Sitz. Ges. Nat. Freunde Berlin 1870: 84 (1870).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0