1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cyrtochloa S.Dransf.
      1. Cyrtochloa mindoroensis S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Mindoro).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms 20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose; hairs white; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate; 1 mm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.4 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 12-21 cm long; 15-24 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins serrulate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; 2-3 cm long; dense; glabrous on internodes; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 7-15 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters; 90 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 3 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 3 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 4 mm long; 2.5 mm wide; chartaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex setaceously attenuate. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 4 mm long; chartaceous; 6 -veined; without keels. Palea surface glabrous. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate (an empty lemma); 2 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric (globose); 4 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 2004.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Cyrtochloa mindoroensis S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2002 Ramos, M. [39366], Philippines K000290788 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 58: 981 (2003 publ. 2004)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0