1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cyrtochloa S.Dransf.
      1. Cyrtochloa major (Pilg.) S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 800 cm long; 25 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 3 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-24 cm long; 6-13 mm wide; firm. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins serrulate. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; 3-5 cm long; open; glabrous on internodes; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters; 40 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume surface puberulous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 5 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5 mm long; 2 mm wide; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex attenuate. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 6 mm long; chartaceous; 6 -veined; without keels. Palea surface glabrous. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate (an empty lemma); 4 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 2004.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Cyrtochloa major (Pilg.) S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2002 Merrill, E.D. [1474], Philippines K000290688 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 58: 982 (2003 publ. 2004)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0