1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca chita Stancík

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 3000 - 3500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Cataphylls evident. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; slender; straight; 40-60 cm long; 1 -noded; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Culm-nodes without exudate; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal; 0-1 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; unthickened at base; open for most of their length; without keel; striately veined; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.3-0.5 mm long; membranous; white; entire; truncate. Leaf-blade base symmetrical. Leaf-blades straight; involute; angular in section; 10-15 cm long; 0.4-0.6 mm wide; coriaceous; mid-green. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct. Leaf-blade venation indistinct; with subepidermal sclerenchyma strands similar in size; with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins below; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; with 1 peduncles per sheath. Peduncle terete; eglandular; glabrous. Panicle contracted; linear, or lanceolate; continuous; dense; straight; 8 cm long; 0.3 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending; sparsely divided; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches straight; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; subequal in width; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5.5-6.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; chartaceous; purple; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-8.5 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; mid-green, or purple; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; symmetrical; 6.5-7.5 mm long; chartaceous; purple; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn stiff; 0.5-1.5 mm long overall. Palea 0.6-0.8 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea surface pilose; hairy above. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 0.8-1.1 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; lanceolate. Hilum linear; 0.5 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Stancik 2005.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Festuca chita Stancík appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Darwiniana 41: 129 (2003)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0