1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium atramentarium Croat & Oberle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia (Antioquia).

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 3680 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba, epífita
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Anthurium atramentarium is endemic to Colombia, occurring in the northern end of the Western Cordillera Department, and probably ranges into the adjacent departments of Choc6 and Risaralda.

    General Description

    Terrestrial, sometimes epiphytic; stem to 3 m long; internodes to 4 cm long, 1.8-2.4 cm diam.; cataphylls chartaceous, 13-27 cm long, apex rounded to apiculate, (apiculum when present 1 mm long), drying light brown; LEAVES erect-spreading, petioles 65-160 cm long, terete, drying 1-1.5 cm diam. at base tapering to 0.3-0.6 cm at apex; geniculum 4-5.5 cm long, drying somewhat darker than petiole; juvenile blade shaped as adult; blades subcoriaceous, broadly ovate, short-acuminate at apex (acumen 0.7-1.7 cm long), cordate at base, 48-70 cm long, 32-46 cm wide, broadest above point of petiole attachment; both surfaces drying matte and tan to reddish-brown with inconspicuous light brown punctations; anterior lobe 39-47 cm long, the margins entire to concave near middle of blade; posterior lobes 15-24 cm long, 15-24 cm wide, broadest at base; sinus parabolic to spathulate, 12-20 cm deep; midrib drying narrowly rounded above, narrow acute below, primary lateral veins 9-15 per side, departing midrib at a 50°-70° angle, ascending to collective vein, raised above, narrowly raised below; interprimary veins raised below; tertiary veins prominulous; basal veins 7--8 pairs, 1st & 2nd pairs free to base, 3rd pair coalesced to 2-5 mm, the remaining coalesced to 2-3 cm; posterior rib naked to 5-7 cm; collective veins arising from the base, equally as prominent as primary lateral veins, 1-5 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCE erect; peduncle 42-60 cm long, terete, drying 4-7 mm diam.; spathe erect, subcoriaceous, deep purple, rarely reddish-purple, glossy, narrowly ovate, 15-22 cm long, 3.5-7 cm wide, broadest at or near middle, inserted at a 60°--80° angle on the peduncle, acuminate at apex (acumen 1-2 cm long), acute at base, the margins meeting at 30°-40° angle; stipe 3-5 mm in front; spadix pale green to pale yellow, rarely white (Gentry 24598), subsessile, cylindroid, erect to curved away from spathe, 7-11.5 cm long, drying 9-12 mm diam.; flowers rhombic to weakly 4-lobed, 1.7-2 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, edges straight to sigmoid, 9-12 flowers visible in principal spiral, 11-15 flowers visible in alternate spiral; tepals drying matte to semiglossy, brown to tan, 1.1 mm long, 0.6 mm wide; anthers drying 0.4 mm long, 0.5-0.6 mm wide; thecae ovoid, contiguous, tan. INFRUCTESCENCE erect to arching; spadix 9-14 cm long, drying 1.5-1.9 cm diam., with berries scattered throughout; berries ovoid, apex mammiliform, drying 5 mm long, 2.5 mm diam.

    Habitat

    With the exception of one specimen from the Paramo Frontino at 2,980-3,680 m (Renteria 4066 [HUA]) , all collections came from middle to high elevation (1,720-2,320 m) Premontane rain forest (bp-P) and Lower montane rain forests (bp-MB) in the Municipio Frontino or Lower montane wet forests (bmh-MB) in the Municipio Salgar.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Anthurium atramentarium Croat & Oberle appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Aroideana 27: 67 (2004)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0