1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Cardamine L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. to Tropical Mountains.

    [FZ]

    Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, trifoliolate or pinnate.
    Flowers
    Flowers white or purple in terminal, subumbellate racemes.
    Calyx
    Inner sepals not or scarcely saccate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, occasionally absent.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6 (4).
    Fruits
    Silique laterally compressed, often opening explosively, the valves coiling spirally from the base.
    Seeds
    Cotyledons accumbent. Seeds 1-seriate, smooth or finely tuberculate.
    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial small to large herbs, with a taproot and often with creeping or tuberous rhizomes
    Indumentum
    Hairs often present, unicellular, simple
    Stem
    Stems erect, ascending, sometimes basally rooting
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly terminal, ebracteate, densely to laxly corymbose, with a few-numerous small to medium-sized flowers, in fruit at least basally elongate and lax
    Calyx
    Sepals not saccate, not spreading, margins hyaline
    Corolla
    Petals white, cream, violet or purple, spathulate to clawed, sometimes lacking
    Stamens
    Stamens 6–4, rarely fewer; filaments linear to subulate
    Nectaries
    Nectaries horseshoe-shaped or a closed ring-shaped tissue around the lateral stamens and usually as a conical gland outside each median pair of stamens
    Pistil
    Ovary cylindrical, usually with a short narrower style; stigma flat; ovules 4–40
    Fruits
    Fruit a siliqua, dehiscent, linear, straight, tapered towards the narrow style, disrupting explosively by the valves coiling from the base upwards; replum swollen; valves without prominent nerves
    Seeds
    Seeds uniseriate, flattened, usually broadly elliptic to oblong, minutely rugose to colliculate, not mucilaginous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Macquarie Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malaya, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Svalbard, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Christmas I., Cook Is., Cuba, Galápagos, Hawaii, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Nansei-shoto, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Puerto Rico, Solomon Is., South Georgia, St.Helena, Trinidad-Tobago, Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Cardamine L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3076], Cameroon K000337518
    Melville, R. [5568], New Zealand 36941.000
    Melville, R. [5667], New Zealand 36949.000
    Melville, R. [5569], New Zealand 36950.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 656 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Heenman, P.B. (2017). A taxonomic revision of Cardamine L. (Brassicaceae) in New Zealand Phytotaxa 330: 1-154.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • O. E. Schulz in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 32: 280–623 (1902).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 60
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 295 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl, 2: 654 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • O.E. Schulz in E.J. 32: 280–623 (1903)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 295 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 654 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0