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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.
Sporobolus sp.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Culms
Culms usually erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle open or contracted, rarely spiciform, exserted from the uppermost sheath, the branches whorled or not
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets small, fusiform, nearly always glabrous, awnless; palea 2-nerved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rounded or truncate at the tip, not beaked, the pericarp commonly swelling when wetted and ejecting the seed.

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Inflorescence a panicle, open or contracted, rarely spiciform, exserted from the uppermost sheath, the primary branches whorled or not, rarely those of the lowermost whorl sterile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1-flowered, fusiform, glabrous or rarely puberulous (with a rhachilla extension in 35. S. fibrosus and 36. S. subtilis); glumes deciduous, awnless or rarely mucronate, the superior usually longer than the inferior and resembling the lemma; lemma thinly membranous or rarely hyaline, 1-nerved or rarely 3-nerved, entire, awnless; palea resembling the lemma but 2-nerved, depressed between the nerves and often splitting longitudinally as the grain swells; anthers 2–3.Grain rotund to elliptic, rounded or truncate at the apex; pericarp free, commonly swelling when wet and expelling the seed to the tip of the spikelet.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial; ligule a line of hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle open or contracted, rarely spike-like, exserted from the uppermost sheath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1-flowered, usually without rhachilla-extension, fusiform, disarticulating below the floret; glumes deciduous, awnless, the upper usually the longer; lemma thinly membranous and often shiny, 1-nerved, entire, awnless; anthers 2–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Grain globose to ellipsoid, rounded or truncate, not beaked; pericarp free, commonly swelling when wet and expelling the seed to the tip of the spikelet.
Distribution
About 220 species in the tropics and subtropics.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual (47), or perennial (142). Rhizomes absent (156), or short (19), or elongated (13). Stolons absent (179), or present (9). Culms erect (135/151), or geniculately ascending (25/151), or decumbent (5/151), or prostrate (5/151); robust (6/21), or of moderate stature (1/21), or slender (14/21); 2.5-53.83-390 cm long; firm (180), or wiry (6). Culm-internodes channelled (1/3), or elliptical in section (2/3). Culm-nodes constricted (1/2), or flush with internodes (1/2). Lateral branches lacking (42/48), or sparse (10/48), or ample (1/48). Leaves differentiated into sheath and blade (185), or without demarcation between sheath and blade (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (3), or a ciliolate membrane (3), or a ciliate membrane (1), or a fringe of hairs (178), or absent (2). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (185), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (1). Leaf-blades filiform (21), or linear (163), or lanceolate (12); herbaceous (183), or coriaceous (3); stiff (27), or firm (156), or flaccid (3). Leaf-blade midrib indistinct (2/4), or evident (1/4), or widened (2/4). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (8/8). Leaf-blade apex muticous (180), or pungent (6).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; terminal (181), or terminal and axillary (5); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (182), or an inflated leaf-sheath (5); exserted (178), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (11), or enclosed (4). Panicle open (137/185), or contracted (32/185), or spiciform (31/185). Primary panicle branches not whorled (115), or whorled at lower nodes (15), or whorled at most nodes (60); without sterile bristles (185), or sterile at lowest node (1). Spikelets appressed (16/17), or ascending (1/17), or spreading (2/17); solitary (185/185), or in pairs (2/185). Fertile spikelets sessile (8), or pedicelled (184); 2 in the cluster (1/1). Pedicels filiform (9/17), or linear (6/17), or oblong (2/17); tip widened (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets, or 2 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (184), or with a barren rhachilla extension (2). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (150), or elliptic (33), or oblong (2), or orbicular (1), or obovate (1); laterally compressed (3), or subterete (183); 0.581-2.365-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets, or 2 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (184), or with a barren rhachilla extension (2). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (150), or elliptic (33), or oblong (2), or orbicular (1), or obovate (1); laterally compressed (3), or subterete (183); 0.581-2.365-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (2), or two; persistent (2/184), or deciduous (182/184); shorter than spikelet (94), or reaching apex of florets (81), or exceeding apex of florets (22); thinner than fertile lemma (7), or similar to fertile lemma in texture (179); parallel to lemmas (181), or gaping (5). Lower glume linear (6), or lanceolate (83), or elliptic (20), or oblong (41), or ovate (52), or orbicular (1); 0-0.5675-1.1 length of upper glume; hyaline (44/179), or membranous (136/179); without keels (182/184), or 1-keeled (2/184); 0 -veined (66/170), or 1 -veined (111/170). Lower glume lateral veins absent (175), or distinct (11). Lower glume surface smooth (178), or asperulous (8), or scabrous (3); glabrous (185), or puberulous (1). Lower glume apex entire (180), or erose (7), or dentate (1), or lobed (1); truncate (10/184), or obtuse (50/184), or acute (119/184), or acuminate (23/184). Upper glume lanceolate (45), or elliptic (33), or oblong (24), or ovate (89); 0.3-0.8463-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline (31/183), or membranous (151/183), or cartilaginous (1/183); with undifferentiated margins (184), or hyaline margins (2); without keels (180/184), or 1-keeled (4/184); 0 -veined (11/185), or 1 -veined (175/185), or 2 -veined (3/185), or 3 -veined (5/185). Upper glume surface smooth (179), or asperulous (16), or scabrous (3), or spinose (1); glabrous (183), or puberulous (2), or hispidulous (1). Upper glume apex entire (184), or erose (3), or dentate (1); truncate (6/185), or obtuse (23/185), or acute (150/185), or acuminate (20/185), or attenuate (2/185), or setaceously attenuate (1/185), or cuspidate (3/185); muticous (183), or mucronate (3), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate (31/185), or elliptic (30/185), or oblong (16/185), or ovate (114/185); hyaline (4/183), or membranous (177/183), or chartaceous (1/183), or cartilaginous (1/183); without keel (181/185), or keeled (4/185); 0 -veined (3/184), or 1 -veined (173/184), or 2 -veined (2/184), or 3 -veined (9/184). Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness (181/184), or scaberulous (2/184), or scabrous (1/184). Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/2), or distinct (1/2). Lemma surface smooth (181), or asperulous (3), or scaberulous (14), or scabrous (1); glabrous (181), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (2), or hispidulous (2). Lemma apex entire (183), or erose (3); truncate (3/185), or obtuse (21/185), or acute (159/185), or acuminate (7/185), or apiculate (1/185); muticous, or mucronate (1). Palea embraced by lemma (156), or gaping (1), or readily splitting down midline (30); 0.5-0.9867-2 length of lemma; 1 -veined (1/184), or 2 -veined (183/184). Palea keels separated (5), or approximate (181); wingless (184), or winged (2); smooth (185), or scaberulous (1). Palea surface glabrous (185), or pubescent (1). Palea apex entire (4/4), or dentate (1/4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2 (12/12). Anthers 1 (1/138), or 2 (18/138), or 3 (123/138).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free soft pericarp (184/185), or free brittle pericarp (1/185); fusiform (2/123), or ellipsoid (53/123), or oblong (23/123), or ovoid (10/123), or orbicular (14/123), or obovoid (34/123), or square (1/123); isodiametric (7/37), or laterally compressed (27/37), or flattened (3/37); biconvex (2/16), or quadrangular (14/16); striate (3/5), or rugose (3/5). Embryo 0.25-0.4618-0.75 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Cleistogene
Cleistogenes absent (185), or present (1); in upper sheaths (1/1).
Distribution
Europe (2), or Africa (85), or Temperate Asia (30), or Tropical Asia (30), or Australasia (23), or Pacific (11), or North America (40), or South America (45), or Antarctica (1).

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes short (3), or elongated (2). Culms 75-145.5-230 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/1). Ligule a ciliate membrane (1), or a fringe of hairs (4). Leaf-blades persistent, or deciduous at the ligule (2). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (4), or contracted (2). Spikelets solitary, or in pairs (1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.7-6.3-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus bearded (1/1). Floret callus bearded (4/4).
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.7-6.3-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus bearded (1/1). Floret callus bearded (4/4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet (2), or reaching apex of florets (2), or exceeding apex of florets (2). Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.751-0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled (4/4); 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute (3), or acuminate (2). Upper glume ovate; 0.75-0.96-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled (4/4); 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute (3), or acuminate (2), or attenuate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or obovate (4); membranous; keeled (4/4); 1 -veined. Lemma midvein eciliate (4), or pubescent (1). Lemma surface glabrous (2), or pubescent (3). Lemma apex acute (4), or attenuate (1). Palea 1.1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels separated (1), or distant but flanking a median depression (4); eciliate (2), or pubescent (3). Palea surface glabrous (4), or pubescent (1). Palea apex dentate (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3 (4/4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free soft pericarp.
Distribution
North America.

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Inflorescence a hemispherical to ovoid head, or a cylindrical spiciform panicle, embraced below by 1–2 inflated bract-like leaf sheaths bearing a reduced lamina, or sometimes exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1-flowered, strongly laterally compressed and keeled, disarticulating below the floret, sometimes tardily so or rarely falling entire, awned or awnless; glumes subequal or unequal, 1-nerved, membranous, equal to or shorter than the lemma, acute or with an awn-point; lemma 1-nerved, membranous, acute or with an awn-point; palea 1–2-nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis elliptic, the pericarp free and sometimes swelling when wet.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect (3/9), or geniculately ascending (3/9), or decumbent (3/9), or prostrate (3/9); 1-19.35-90 cm long. Lateral branches lacking (1/6), or sparse (1/6), or ample (5/6). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (7), or deciduous at the ligule (3); stiff (4), or firm (6).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (3), or an inflated leaf-sheath (4), or a spatheole (3), or sheathless blades (3); exserted (2), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (8), or enclosed (3). Panicle spiciform (4), or capitate (6). Spikelets solitary, or in pairs (1). Fertile spikelets sessile, or sessile and pedicelled (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Basal sterile spikelets absent (8), or well-developed (2). Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (2), or elliptic (7), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 2-3.721-6 mm long; falling entire.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets absent (8), or well-developed (2).
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (2), or elliptic (7), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 2-3.721-6 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet (7), or reaching apex of florets (4). Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-0.9325-1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (7), or acuminate (2), or caudate (1); muticous (8), or awned (2). Upper glume lanceolate (9), or ovate (2); 0.7-0.9125-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate (5), or ciliolate (5). Upper glume surface glabrous, or puberulous (1). Upper glume apex obtuse (2), or acute (7), or acuminate (2), or caudate (1); muticous (8), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate (8), or ovate (2); laterally compressed (9/9); membranous; keeled; 1 -veined. Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness (9), or scabrous (1); eciliate (9), or ciliate (1). Lemma apex obtuse (1/9), or acute (7/9), or caudate (1/9); muticous (8), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2). Palea 0 -veined (1), or 1 -veined (2), or 2 -veined (9). Palea apex dentate (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 2 (2), or 3 (9).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free soft pericarp (9/9); ellipsoid (5/7), or oblong (3/7), or ovoid (1/7), or obovoid (2/7); apex unappendaged (8/8). Embryo 0.75 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Europe (5), or Africa (4), or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia (3), or Australasia (1), or North America (3).

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Low growing annuals; culms prostrate or geniculately ascending
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades usually short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a hemispherical to ovoid head, or a cylindrical spiciform panicle, embraced below by 1–2 inflated bract-like leaf-sheaths bearing a reduced blade, or sometimes exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets strongly laterally compressed, disarticulating below the floret, sometimes tardily so or rarely falling entire, awned or awnless; glumes subequal, shorter than the lemma; lemma 1-nerved; palea 1–2-nerved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rounded at the tip, not beaked.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes absent (4), or short (2), or elongated (11). Culms erect; robust (1/1); 15-124.5-350 cm long; spongy (2), or firm (15); rooting from lower nodes (1/1). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (15), or deciduous at the ligule (1); filiform (3), or linear (13); stiff (1), or firm (15).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf (2). Racemes paired (1), or digitate (5), or borne along a central axis; not compacted (12), or in a multilateral false spike (4); appressed (9), or erect (5), or ascending (1), or spreading (2); unilateral; bearing 8-26-80 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis angular; terminating in a spikelet (12), or barren extension (5); extension bristle-like (4/4). Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed (9), or pectinate (7); solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile (15), or pedicelled (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (7), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); laterally compressed; 5-11.87-25 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (7), or oblong (11), or ovate (2); laterally compressed; 5-11.87-25 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes reaching apex of florets (4), or exceeding apex of florets (13). Lower glume linear (15), or lanceolate (1); 0.25-0.5459-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined, or 2-3 -veined (2). Lower glume lateral veins absent (15), or obscure (1), or distinct (1). Lower glume surface glabrous (13), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (3), or pilose (4). Lower glume apex obtuse (3), or acute (12), or acuminate (5); muticous (15), or mucronate (1), or awned (1). Upper glume lanceolate (15), or oblong (1); 1-1.184-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous (15), or scarious (1); with undifferentiated margins (11), or membranous margins (5); 1-keeled; 1-2 -veined (7), or 3 -veined (15), or 4-6 -veined (2), or 7-9 -veined (1). Upper glume primary vein eciliate (8), or ciliolate (4), or ciliate (5), or pectinately ciliate (1). Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous (1), or scabrous (1); glabrous (11), or puberulous (5), or pubescent (3), or pilose (4). Upper glume apex obtuse (3), or acute (8), or acuminate (8), or attenuate (1); muticous (15), or mucronate (1), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong (12), or ovate (4); herbaceous; of similar consistency on margins (11), or much thinner on margins (5); keeled; 1 -veined (5), or 2 -veined (4), or 3 -veined (15), or 4-5 -veined (1). Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness (15), or scabrous (1); eciliate (8), or ciliolate (4), or ciliate (3), or pectinately ciliate (1). Lemma surface smooth (15), or scaberulous (2); glabrous (13), or puberulous (4), or pubescent (1), or pilose (3). Lemma margins eciliate (14), or ciliolate (4), or ciliate (1). Lemma apex entire (15), or dentate (1); 2 -fid (1/1); emarginate (3/14), or obtuse (7/14), or acute (8/14), or acuminate (2/14). Palea 1.1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (15), or scaberulous (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas plumose (12), or pubescent (4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp (4/4); linear (4/4). Embryo 0.6-0.9-1 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (5/5).
Distribution
Europe (6), or Africa (2), or Temperate Asia (2), or Australasia (4), or North America (8), or South America (6), or Antarctica (1).

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes absent (4), or short (3), or elongated (2). Stolons absent (8), or present (1). Culms erect (7/8), or geniculately ascending (1/8); 12-41.58-100 cm long; firm (5), or wiry (4). Culm-nodes swollen (2/2). Lateral branches lacking (5/5). Ligule an eciliate membrane (4), or a ciliolate membrane (5). Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear (1), or lanceolate (4), or elliptic (1), or oblong (3), or ovate (4). Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous (3/3).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Monoecious. Inflorescence a panicle (1), or composed of racemes (8); axillary; exserted (4), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (5). Panicle open (1/1). Racemes single (8/8); bearing few fertile spikelets (8/8); bearing 2 fertile spikelets on each (2/7), or 3 fertile spikelets on each (3/7), or 4-5 fertile spikelets on each (6/7), or 6 fertile spikelets on each (5/7), or 7-8 fertile spikelets on each (4/7), or 9-13 fertile spikelets on each (2/7), or 14-18 fertile spikelets on each (1/7). Rhachis angular (8/8). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets sessile and pedicelled (1), or pedicelled (8); 1-2 in a cluster (1/1). Pedicels filiform, or cuneate. Male inflorescence terminal (7), or axillary (4); unlike female; a panicle (8), or of few spikelets (2). Male spikelets distinct from female; linear (3), or lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1). Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma muticous (3/7), or awned (5/7).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1), or ovate (6); dorsally compressed; 3-5.92-13.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1), or ovate (6); dorsally compressed; 3-5.92-13.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes deciduous; shorter than spikelet (2), or reaching apex of florets (6), or exceeding apex of florets (3); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1), or ovate (6); 0.8-0.98-1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 3-4 -veined (3), or 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (1). Lower glume surface smooth (8), or asperulous (1); glabrous (8), or pubescent (1). Lower glume apex acuminate (7), or setaceously attenuate (1), or caudate (1); muticous (5), or mucronate (3), or awned (5). Upper glume lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1), or ovate (6); 0.8-1.16-1.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; with undifferentiated margins (3), or cartilaginous margins (6); without keels; 3 -veined (7), or 4 -veined (3), or 5 -veined (5), or 6-7 -veined (1). Upper glume surface smooth (8), or asperulous (1); glabrous (7), or pubescent (2). Upper glume apex acute (4), or acuminate (5), or setaceously attenuate (1), or caudate (1); muticous, or mucronate (1), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate (4), or elliptic (1), or ovate (4); coriaceous; without keel; 3 -veined (1/5), or 5 -veined (4/5). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (8), or acuminate (1). Palea coriaceous; 2 -veined (5/5). Palea surface glabrous (8), or pubescent (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3 (5/5). Anthers 3 (6/6).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (1/1). Hilum linear (1/1); 1 length of caryopsis.
sex Male
Male inflorescence terminal (7), or axillary (4); unlike female; a panicle (8), or of few spikelets (2). Male spikelets distinct from female; linear (3), or lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1). Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma muticous (3/7), or awned (5/7).
Distribution
South America.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Central American Pac, Comoros, Cook Is., Denmark, Easter Is., Germany, Gilbert Is., Ireland, Kermadec Is., Madeira, Marquesas, Nauru, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Pitcairn Is., Primorye, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., St.Helena, Switzerland, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Sporobolus R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3766] K001119968
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3771] K001119976
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3772] K001119979
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3774], Nepal K001119982
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3771] K001119977
Macedo, A. [5074], Brazil K001075617
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8883], India K001131769
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3771] K001119975
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3773] K001119980
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3768] K001119971
Irwin, H.S. [34557], Brazil K001075614
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075608
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3767], Nepal K001119969
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3770], India K001119974
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001075607
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3769], India K001119972
Filgueiras, T.S. [1309], Brazil K001075612
s.coll. [774], Brazil K001075606
Filgueiras, T.S. [860], Brazil K001075613
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8883], India K001131770
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3769], India K001119973
Hatschbach, G. [50009], Brazil K001075616
Irwin, H.S. [11586], Brazil K001075611
Glaziou [16595], Brazil K001075610
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3768] K001119970
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3771] K001119978
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3773] K001119981
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075609
Ribas, O.S. [5114], Brazil K001075615

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 169 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Prod. 169 (1810).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Prodr.: 169 (1810).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 169 (1810)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/