1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Triticum L.
      1. Species: Triticum monococcum L.
        1. Triticum monococcum subsp. aegilopoides (Link) Thell.

        This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is SE. Europe to Afghanistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms 30-80 cm long. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 3-9 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; 3-4 mm long; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; (4-)6-10 mm long; coriaceous; 2-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume oblong; (4-)6-10 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 2-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins divergent at apex. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 10-12 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 30-60 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Palea readily splitting down midline; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 4 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 6.5-8 mm long; hairy at apex. Embryo 0.2-0.3 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern and eastern. Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Iraq.
    Diagnostic
    Spikelets 2-fld in all.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Triticum monococcum subsp. aegilopoides (Link) Thell. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 24, 2017 Cockob [479] K000743739 isoneotype
    Nov 24, 2017 Cockob [480] K000743738 isoneotype
    Nov 24, 2017 Bourgeau, E. [281], Turkey Triticum boeoticum K000433628 isotype
    Haussknecht, C. [s.n.], Greece Triticum boeoticum K000979044
    Haussknecht, C. [s.n.], Greece Triticum boeoticum K000979045
    Pancic, J. [s.n.], Serbia Triticum boeoticum K001040272 isotype

    First published in Naturwiss. Wochenschr., n.f., 17: 470 (1918)

    Accepted by

    • Nasernakhaei, F., Rahiminejad, M.R., Saeidi, H. & Tavasoli, M. (2013). Taxonomic identity of the Iranian diploid Triticum as evidenced by nrDNA ITS analysis Phytotaxa 143: 43-53.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0