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This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Medit. to Nepal, Eritrea to S. Tropical Africa.
Chenopodium opulifolium

[FZ]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb (or ? sometimes a short-lived perennial with stems becoming woody below), closely related to C. album, up to 0.6–1.5 (3) m. high, erect, normally much branched, green to almost white, rarely red-tinged, more or less clothed with mealy vesicular hairs, sometimes densely so on young shoots inflorescences and undersides of leaves.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable, mostly broadly and shortly rhombic-ovate, the median and lower almost as broad as long, c. 0.7–5.4 × 0.4–5.4 cm., leaf margins usually with up to about 10 mostly shallow teeth or lobes on each side, often the lowermost teeth or lobes more prominent divergent and often bilobed; sometimes margins entire or nearly so and leaves elliptic especially (it seems) if plants perennate; apex of leaf rounded to acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a usually ample panicle of very numerous small densely or laxly spicately or rarely cymosely arranged dense rounded clusters (“glomerules”) of minute grey to greenish flowers, the latter 1–1.5 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments 5, papillose with grey-mealy hairs on margins and outside, each segment with a prominent green keel in upper part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pericarp somewhat persistent, but readily scraped off seed. Seeds black, shining, subcircular, 1.0–1.5 mm. in diam. bluntly keeled; testa (seen under microscope) marked with numerous spaced radial furrows and minute papillose roughening in between.

[FTEA]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Herb up to 60–150 (–300) cm. high, annual or apparently sometimes a short-lived perennial which may become woody below, normally very much branched, green to almost white, rarely red-tinged, grey-mealy, sometimes densely so on young shoots, inflorescences and undersides of leaves.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable, mostly broadly and shortly rhombic-ovate, the median and lower almost as broad as long, from about (0.7 x 0.4 cm.–) 1 x 0.7–1 cm. to 3.7 x 2.8–3.7 cm. and 5.4 x 5.4 cm., in the lower third or about the middle normally with a short prominent often bilobed divergent lateral lobe each side, the margins above this lobe entire or with up to several teeth, apex of leaf rounded or acute; in African specimens the lobes not uncommonly less prominent or even the leaves subentire; upper leaves smaller and more acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, usually ample, of very numerous small densely or laxly spicately or rarely cymosely arranged dense rounded clusters (“glomerules”) of minute grey to greenish flowers, latter 1–1.5 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, papillose on margins and outside, each with a prominent green keel in upper part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pericarp somewhat persistent, but readily scraped off seed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (Fig. 2/2, p. 3) black, shining, 1.1–1.5 mm. in diameter, bluntly keeled, testa under microscope marked with radial furrows and minute irregular papillose roughening in between.
Habitat
A weed of cultivation and settled areas; 760–2100 m.
Distribution
Europe and the Mediterranean Region, eastwards to India and ? Mongolia, southwards through tropical Africa to Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Angola and ? S. Africaadventive in N. America K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herb 0.6–1.5(–3) m high, annual or short-lived perennial becoming rather woody at base, normally much branched, stems with green and pale longitudinal lines, grey mealy with vesicular hairs, sometimes densely so, rarely reddish
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly rhombic to ovate, 7–54 x 4–54 mm, tip acute or obtuse, at least the lower leaves about as long as broad, usually with a short lateral lobe on each side and margin irregularly and broadly toothed above this, sometimes subentire; uppermost leaves smaller and more acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle of many small dense or lax, spicately, rarely cymosely arranged clusters of flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 1–1.5 mm in diam.; perianth segments 5, papillose on margins and outside and with prominent green longitudinal keel towards tip; stamens 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit shed within perianth; wall persistent but readily scraped off
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1.1–1.5 mm diam., black, shining, margin blunt; testa marked with radial furrows with minute irregular papillose roughening between.
Distribution
N1 Europe and Mediterranean region east to India and ?Mongolia, south to Zimbabwe and Angola, ?South Africa, adventive in North America.
Ecology
Altitude range 1300–1400 m.
Vernacular
Ayu adar (Somali).

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Angola, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Burundi, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, North Caucasus, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Belgium, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Denmark, Finland, Illinois, Indiana, KwaZulu-Natal, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Norway, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Réunion, South Australia, Swaziland, Sweden

Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad. ex W.D.J.Koch & Ziz appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 27, 1953 Holst, C. [8894], Tanzania K000243858
Cope, T.A. [RBG 12], Great Britain K000914045
Cope, T.A. [RBG 470], Great Britain K000914046
Cope, T.A. [RBG 535], Great Britain K000914047

First published in Cat. Pl. Palat.: 6 (1814)

Accepted by

  • (1984). Flora of Australia 4: 1-354. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • B.A.Fedtschenko & al. (1937). Flora Turkmenii 2: 1-217. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Breitfeld, M. & Horbach, H.-D. (2013). Interessante Funde aus Nordostbayern Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der heimischen Flora 83: 169-174.
  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1954). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Chenopodiaceae: 1-26.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmandson, J.R. (eds.) (2016). Flora of Iraq 5(1): 1-284. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jonsell, B. (ed.) (2001). Flora Nordica 2: 1-430. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. & Malyshev, L.I. (2003). Flora of Siberia 5: 1-305. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspectus Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (1984). Flora of Australia 4: 1-354. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedge, I.C., Akhani, H., Freitag, H., Kothe-Heinrich, G., Podlech, D., Rilke, S. & Uotila, P. (1997). Flora Iranica 172: 1-371. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Jonsell, B. (ed.) (2001). Flora Nordica 2: 1-430. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by I. Friis & M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. & C. B. Cl. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6 (1): 78 (1909).
  • DC., Fl. Fr. 6: 372 (1815).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 7 (1951).
  • [Schrad. ex] Koch & Ziz, Cat. Pl. Palat. 6 (1814).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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