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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senegalia Raf.
      1. Senegalia mellifera (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Fruits
    Pods pale brown to straw-coloured, (2·5)3·5-8(9) x 1·5-2·5(2·8) cm., dehiscent, glabrous, oblong, straight, venose, rounded to shortly and abruptly acuminate at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds 9-10 x 8 mm., subcircular-lenticular; central areole small, 2-3 x 2·5-3 mm., slightly impressed.
    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1-6(9) m. high; young branchlets pubescent or glabrous, grey-brown to purplish-black.
    Stipules
    Stipules not spinescent.
    Prickles
    Prickles in pairs just below each node, deep brown to blackish, hooked, 2·5-5(6) mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole usually glandular; rhachis glabrous to pubescent, frequently with a gland between the top 1-2 pairs of pinnae; pinnae 2-3, very rarely 4 pairs; leaflets 1-2 (very rarely 3) pairs, 3·5-22 x 2·5-16 mm., obliquely obovate to obovate-elliptic or -oblong, glabrous to pubescent, venose, rounded to emarginate or subacute and often apiculate at the apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream to white, on pedicels (0·5)0·75-1·5 mm. long in subglobose to ± elongate racemes; axis 0·15-3·5 cm. long, glabrous or sometimes pubescent; peduncle 0·4-1·3 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·6-1 mm. long, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2·5-3·5 mm. long, 5-lobed.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 4-6 mm. long, free; anthers 0·15-0·25 mm. across, with a caducous gland.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous; stipe very short.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1–6 (–9) m. high.
    Branches
    Young branchlets pubescent or glabrous, grey-brown to purplish-black.
    Stipules
    Stipules not spinescent.
    Prickles
    Prickles in pairs just below each node, deep brown to blackish, hooked, 2.5–5 (–6) mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves:petiole usually glandular; rhachis glabrous to pubescent, frequently with a gland between the top 1–2 pairs of pinnae; pinnae 2–3, very rarely 4 pairs; leaflets 1–2 (very rarely 3) pairs, 3.5–22 mm. long, 2.5–16 mm. wide, obliquely obovate to obovate-elliptic or -oblong, glabrous to pubescent, venose, rounded to emarginate or subacute and often apiculate at apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream to white, on pedicels (0.5–)0.75–1.5 mm. long in subglobose to ± elongate racemes; axis 0.15–3.5 cm. long, glabrous or sometimes pubescent; peduncle 0.4–1.3 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.6–1 mm. long, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2.5–3.5 mm. long, 5-lobed.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 4–6 mm. long, free; anthers 0.15–0.25 mm. across, with a caducous gland.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous; stipe very short.
    Fruits
    Pods (Fig. 14/8, p. 52) pale brown to straw-coloured, dehiscent, glabrous, oblong, straight, venose, rounded to shortly and abruptly acuminate at apex, (2.5–) 3.5–8 (–9) cm. long, 1.5–2.5 (–2.8) cm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds subcircular-lenticular, 9–10 mm. long, 8 mm. wide; central areole small, slightly impressed, 2–3 mm. long, 2.5–3 mm. wide.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sahel regional transition zone; bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    India, Pakistan

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Senegalia mellifera (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1954 Gossweiler, J. [12177], Angola Acacia mellifera K001276652
    Friis, I. [13843], Ethiopia Acacia mellifera K001259669
    Friis, I. [14005], Ethiopia Acacia mellifera K001091549

    Bibliography

    First published in Phytologia 92: 94 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0