1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Miscanthus Andersson
      1. Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Russian Far East to E. China and Japan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; scaly. Culms erect; 90-250 cm long; 5-8 mm diam. Culm-internodes 5-20 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-80 cm long; 10-30 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes few, or numerous; 8-40; digitate; drooping, or ascending; 10-35 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-10 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete; glabrous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform; 4-8 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; unequal; 1.5-7 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; 0.8-1 mm wide; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 2-4 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; 0.8-1 mm wide; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 2-4 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; dark brown; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume margins ciliate (hairs to 15mm). Lower glume apex entire; acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.8 length of spikelet; hyaline; 3 -veined; ciliate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 0-1 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; muticous, or mucronate. Palea 0.5 length of lemma. Palea apex ciliate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2-2.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, China, and eastern Asia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Koyama.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Amur, China North-Central, China Southeast, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Primorye

    Introduced into:

    Arkansas, Austria, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Ontario, Poland, Québec, Vermont, Wisconsin

    Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Henry, A. [7507], China K001064381
    Henry, A. [5123], China K001064358
    David, A. [s.n.], China K001064379
    David, A. [s.n.], China K001064386
    Faber, E. [1533], China K001064356
    Ohwi, J. [s.n.], Japan K001064560
    Wang, T.P. [3598], China K001064353
    Steward, A.N. [2562], China K001064354
    Licent, E. [6959], Shaanxi K001064355
    Licent, E. [8618], China K001064357
    Licent, E. [3008], China K001064359
    Licent, E. [6958], China K001064383
    Licent, E. [7742], China K001064384
    Davis, D. [7], Korea K001064621
    Togashi, M. [676], Japan K001064562
    Togashi, M. [7327], Japan K001064624
    Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.] K001064348
    Komarov, V.L. [121], Russian Federation K001064345
    Chow, K.S. [80339], China K001064382
    Furuse, M. [29976], Japan K001064623
    Furuse, M. [42574], Japan K001064625
    Furuse, M. [42574], Japan K001064626
    Williams, S.W. [11451], China K001064385
    Maingay, A.C. [574], China K001064380
    Guocheng-yong [20064 377 9], China K001064360
    s.coll. [823], China K001064352
    Suzuki, S. [389], Japan K001064622
    Satomi, N. [1226], Japan K001064561
    Tanaku [s.n.], Japan K001064627
    Ulianov, T.N. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064346
    Ulianov, T.N. [s.n.], Russian Federation K001064347

    First published in Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 7: 137 (1884)

    Accepted by

    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0