1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Agnesia Zuloaga & Judz.
      1. Agnesia ciliatifolia (Raddi) J.R.Grande

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Trinidad to S. Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 200 m.; Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 50-130 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes thin-walled; distally pubescent. Culm-nodes swollen; purple. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface to pilose. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 2 mm long. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2 cm long; petiole pilose. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or ovate; 9-24 cm long; 36-85 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation parallel. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade margins ciliate. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Peduncle hispid above. Panicle open; pyramidal; 9.5-19 cm long; 3.5-10 cm wide. Primary panicle branches whorled at lower nodes; bearing 1 fertile spikelets on each lower branch; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches scabrous. Sexes segregated; on unisexual branches and bisexual branches; with male below. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets pedicelled; 2 in a cluster. Pedicels (female) columnar; angular; glabrous, or ciliate; tip widened.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 16-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; lanceolate; 5 mm long; glabrous, or hairy. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined; muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 16-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 10-12 mm long; 1.2-1.3 length of upper glume; herbaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Lower glume surface glabrous; inner surface pilose (near apex). Lower glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 10-12 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 7.7-10.2 mm long; 1.2-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface glabrous; inner surface pilose (near apex). Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 6.5-7 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface smooth; pubescent; hairy all along. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3; 2-4 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 4.3-5 mm long; light brown. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; lanceolate; 5 mm long; glabrous, or hairy. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined; muticous.
    Distribution
    South America: Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Olyreae. Sod & Zuol.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Agnesia ciliatifolia (Raddi) J.R.Grande appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2013 Lindeman, J.C. [4434], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997198
    Nov 1, 2013 Saint-Hilaire, A. [62], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997208
    Jan 1, 1988 Pohl [1988], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997188
    Jan 1, 1988 Ule, E. [8047], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997207
    Jan 1, 1988 Calderón, C.E. [2017], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997189
    May 1, 1981 Filgueiras, T.S. [851], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997215
    Aug 1, 1975 Eiten, G. [10633], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997195
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [26191], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997201
    Oct 1, 1967 Widgren [s.n.], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997202
    Oct 1, 1967 Glaziou [14397], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997190
    Jan 1, 1967 Irwin, H.S. [11868], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997206
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [4306], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997204
    Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G. [3827], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997205
    Clayton, W.D. [4603], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997193
    Clayton, W.D. [4576], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997192
    Hatschbach, G. [14283], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997194
    Hatschbach, G. [15729], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997196
    Hatschbach, G. [19043], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997197
    Hatschbach, G. [74429], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997212
    Ratter, J.A. [4057], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997214
    Eiten, G. [5889], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997191
    Eiten, G. [10633], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997203
    Chase, A. [11146], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997199
    Gifford, D.R. [72], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997200
    Pires, J.M. [14597-14634], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997210
    Lobo, M.G. [323], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997213
    Carauta, J.P.P. [4555], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997209
    Lima, J.M. [327], Brazil Olyra ciliatifolia K000997211

    First published in Bol. Centro Invest. Biol. Univ. Zulia 50: 29 (2016)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0