1. Family: Nymphaeaceae Salisb.
    1. Genus: Nymphaea L.
      1. Nymphaea lotus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.

    [FZ]

    Nymphaeaceae, F. A. Mendoça. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Robust aquatic herb with tuberous rhizome.
    Leaves
    Leaves 10–32 x 11–28 cm., coriaceous, orbicular or suborbicular, incised-cordate, somewhat peltate, lobes nearly closed or slightly overlapping, margin ± repand, dentate-mucronate, teeth formed by the convergence at the margin of (2) 3 nerves, upper surface smooth, under surface prominently nerved to the edge, primary lateral nerves 7–9 on each side of the midrib, forking dichotomously 3–4 times and not themselves forming a closed reticulation, secondary nerves 7–9 pairs arising from the midrib.
    Flowers
    Flowers white or cream, 10–18 cm. in diam., peduncle stout, glabrous (in specimens from our area).
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, 4.5–9 x 2–3.5 cm., ovate-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 20, the outermost as long as the sepals, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, rounded or acute at the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens 40–60; anthers obtuse, without prolongation of the connective.
    Carpels
    Carpels 20–30; style-appendage 7–10 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 4–6 cm. in diam., depressed-globose.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.2 mm. long, ellipsoid, with longitudinal lines of hairs.
    [FTEA]

    Nymphaeaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Robust aquatic herb with tuberous rhizome; tubers ovoid, roughened with leaf-scars (fide Muschler).
    Leaves
    Leaves green above, often blotched reddish, purplish green or bronze beneath, ± round, 10–32(–50) cm. long, 11–28(–50) cm. wide, incised-cordate at the base, slightly peltate, the lobes touching or slightly overlapping, repand and dentate-mucronate at the margin, the sharp and often brown-tipped teeth formed by the convergence of (2–)3 nerves, very rarely some juvenile leaves entire, ± coriaceous, smooth above, prominently nerved to the edge, beneath with 7–9 primary lateral nerves on each side forking dichotomously 3–4 times and an equal number of secondary lateral nerves, glabrous, puberulous or distinctly to densely pubescent beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers (6–)10–18(–25 fide Muschler) cm. wide, open on 4 successive nights from 7.30 p.m. to 11 a.m. (fide Muschler) 8 a.m. (fide Jex-Blake) or during the day (in S. Africa fide Obermeyer), held ± 15 cm. above the water-level; peduncle stout, glabrous or puberulous.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, green, often with cream veins, ovate-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 4.5–9(–11) cm. long, 2–3.5 cm. wide, obtuse.
    Corolla
    Petals ± 16–20, white or slightly yellowish, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, the outermost as long as the sepals, often with median green line outside, rounded or ± acute at the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens yellow, 40–80(–90); anthers obtuse, usually practically without a connective-appendage or sometimes up to ± 3 mm. long.
    Carpels
    Carpels 20–30, yellowish, sometimes crimson outside; stylar processes yellow, tinged purple-brown, 7–10 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit depressed-globose, 4–9 cm. diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, 1.2–1.45 mm. long, 1.1 mm. wide, with longitudinal lines of hairs.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/8,9, p. 8.
    Habitat
    Sheltered water 0.5–2.5 m. deep, also swamps; 0–1200 m.
    Distribution
    Egypt and widespread in tropical Africa to S. Africa and Madagascar, also in Europe (hot springs in NW. Roumania), Hungary (probably introduced)? a variety in Australiaknown from Tertiary deposits in Roumaniawidely cultivated (see note) in U.S.A. (Florida and Louisiana), Guyana, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia and Brasil K1 K3 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1
    [FWTA]

    Nymphaeaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Flowers
    Petals white; flowers open from early evening until late morning.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Florida, Guyana, Louisiana, Mauritius, Panamá, Romania, Seychelles, Venezuela

    Common Names

    English
    Egyptian lily, Lotus water lily, White water lily

    Nymphaea lotus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5160], Cameroon K000338412
    Oct 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5160], Cameroon K000338413
    Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4096], Cameroon K000026907
    Robson, N.K.B. [72], Zambia 22126.000
    Chevalier, A. [1039], Mali K000386652
    Chevalier, A. [1314], Mali K000386653
    Duke, B.O.L. [11], Gambia 16566.000
    Buckley, J.C., India 18894.000
    Buckley, J.C., India 22073.000
    s.coll. [7256], Pakistan K000659030
    Staudt, A. [477], Cameroon K000105670
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 7254], Bangladesh Nymphaea edulis K001127023
    Zenker, G.A. [2130], Cameroon Nymphaea zenkeri K000230152

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 511 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (1997). Flora of North America North of Mexico 3: 1-590. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Nymphaeaceae: 1-12.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 89 (incl. var. rogeoni A. Chev., and var. sinoensis Stapf).
    • Gilg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 41: 366
    • Conard Water-lilies 194, t. 16
    • —F.T.A. 1: 52
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (1997). Flora of North America North of Mexico 3: 1-590. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in KB. 44: 00 (1989), in press.
    • Blundell, Wild. Fl. E. Afr.: 20, t. 31 (1987).
    • Wiersema in Sida 9: 230–234 (1982) (distr. in Western hemisphere).
    • Casper & Krausch, Süsswasserfl. Mitteleuropa 24: 468 (1981).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 81 (1974).
    • Täckh., Students’ Fl. Egypt, ed. 2: 144, t. 39A (1974).
    • Mendonça, Fl. Moçamb. 8: 2 (1973).
    • Hadidi in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 10: 470–475 (1971).
    • Obermeyer in Fl. Pl. S. Afr., t. 1541 (1969).
    • Tutin in Fl. Europaea 1: 205 (1964).
    • Mendonça in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 176 (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 66 (1954).
    • Milne-Redh. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 216 (1953).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 156 (1951).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 382 (1949).
    • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 46 (1937).
    • Peter in Abh. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen n.f. 13(2): 60, t. 2 (1928).
    • Muschler, Man. Fl. Egypt 1: 358 (1912).
    • Gilgin A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 41: 366 (1908).
    • Conard, The Waterlilies: 194, t. 16 (1905).
    • Oliv. in Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: 27 (1872).
    • Oliv., Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 52 (1868)
    • DC., Regn. Veg. Syst. Nat 2: 53 (1821).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 511 (1753).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/