1. Family: Ochnaceae DC.
    1. Genus: Lophira Banks ex C.F.Gaertn.
      1. Lophira lanceolata Tiegh. ex Keay

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to N. Uganda.

    [FWTA]

    Ochnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Savannah tree, to 40 ft. high
    Trunk
    Usually with gnarled trunk
    Corolla
    Petals white.
    [FTEA]

    Ochnaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Coarsely branched tree up to 9–16 m tall with clean bole up to 7.5 m tall; bark corky, grey, very coarsely flaking in small pieces; flakes brick-red to yellow beneath, brittle; slash bright yellow cork layer above, crimson-red granular beneath.
    Leaves
    Leaves red when young, oblong-lanceolate, 11–45 cm long, 2–9 cm wide, rounded to retuse at the apex, cuneate and often asymmetrical at base, entire, glabrous; lateral veins very numerous together with midrib prominent on both surfaces; petiole 2–6 cm long; stipules linear-lanceolate, 3–5 mm long, 0.7 mm wide, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles profuse, terminal, pyramidal, lax, 15–20 cm long; axes angular, striate, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, scented; pedicels 1–1.5 cm long, jointed near apex, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Sepals unequal, glabrous; 2 outer ovate-acuminate, 7–8 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, acute at apex; inner 3 broadly ovate, 6 mm long, 5 mm wide, obtuse at apex.
    Corolla
    Petals obcordate, 1.7 cm long, 1.3 cm wide, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens with filaments white, 4–6 mm long and anthers orange, 4–5 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary white, conical, 8 mm long, 3 mm wide; stigmas 1–2 mm long; ovules 8–16.
    Fruits
    Fruits conical, 3 cm long, 1 cm wide, glabrous with unequal wing-like enlarged sepals, one 8–10 cm long, 2–2.5 cm wide and the other 2.5–5 cm long, 0.6–1 cm wide.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, ovoid, 1.6 cm long, 8 mm wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 8 (p. 54).
    Habitat
    Open woodland with Vitex, Hymenocardia, Butyrospermum, Combretum etc. and annually burnt Hyparrhenia – Oxytenanthera undergrowth; 900–1500 m
    Distribution
    U1 Senegal to Cameroon,

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Lophira lanceolata Tiegh. ex Keay appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cameroon 15444.000
    Chevalier, A. [2899], Mali K000386719
    Bamps [2471], Mali K000386720

    First published in Kew Bull. 8: 488 (1954)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2005). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ochnaceae: 1-60.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bamps, P. & Farron, C. (1967). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Ochnaceae: 1-66. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Kew Bull. 1953: 488 (1954)
    • VanTiegh. in Journ. de Bot. 15: 187 (1901), provisional name only.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keay, Nigerian Trees: 73, fig. 30 (1989).
    • Bamps in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 40: 293 (1970).
    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Ochnaceae: 56 (1967)
    • Irvine, Woody Pl. Ghana: 91, fig. 28 (1966).
    • Dale, W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate corrig. & addenda: 8 (1956).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 1: 231 (1954).
    • Keay in Kew Bulletin 8: 488 (1954)
    • Keay, Onochie & Stanfield, Niger. Trees 1: 231 (1954).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0