1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Nothosaerva Wight
      1. Nothosaerva brachiata (L.) Wight

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual herb, (4) 10–45 cm., with many spreading branches from about the base upwards; stem and branches subterete, striate, glabrous or thinly hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly to broadly elliptic, elliptic-oblong or ovate, thinly hairy to glabrous or almost so, obtuse, subacute at the apex, at the base gradually or more abruptly narrowed to a petiole about half the length of the lamina, lamina of the lower main stem leaves c. 10–40 (50) × 6–20 mm., upper and branch leaves becoming shorter and narrower.
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense, 3–15 × 2–2.5 mm. spikes which are clustered in the leaf-axils of the stem and branches or on very short axillary shoots; spikes sessile or the terminal spike of axillary shoots shortly (to c. 3 mm.) pedunculate; inflorescence axis thinly to rather densely pilose; bracts hyaline, minutely erose-denticulate, concave, acute or shortly acuminate, c. 0.5 mm., glabrous or very thinly hairy; bracteoles minute, hyaline.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments broadly oval-elliptic, c. 1.25 mm. long, subacute to shortly acuminate, villous on the outer surface, in the basal two-thirds with a thick greenish vitta and a single midrib.
    Stamens
    Stamens longer than the ovary and style.
    Fruits
    Capsule included, falling with the persistent perianth.
    Seeds
    Seed c. 0.4 mm. chestnut-brown, smooth and shining.
    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Annual herb, (4–)10–45 cm., with many spreading branches from about the base upwards; stem and branches subterete, striate, glabrous or thinly hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly to broadly elliptic, elliptic-oblong or ovate, entire, thinly hairy to glabrous, obtuse to subacute at the tip, blade of the lower main stem leaves ± 10–40(–50) × 6–20 mm., gradually or more abruptly narrowed to a petiole about half the length of the blade, upper and branch leaves becoming shorter and narrower.
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense 3–15 × 2 2.5 mm. spikes which are clustered in the leaf-axils of the stem and branches or on very short axillary shoots; spike sessile or the terminal spike on axillary shoots shortly (to ± 3 mm.) pedunculate; inflorescence-axis thinly to rather densely pilose; bracts hyaline, minutely erose, concave, acute or shortly acuminate, ± 0.5 mm., glabrous or very thinly hairy; bracteoles minute, hyaline.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments broadly ovate, ± 1.25 mm., subacute to shortly acuminate, villous on the outer surface in the basal two-thirds with a thick greenish vitta and a central rib.
    Stamens
    Stamens longer than ovary and style.
    Fruits
    Capsule included, falling with the persistent perianth.
    Seeds
    Seed ± 0.4 m., chestnut-brown, smooth and shining.
    Figures
    Fig. 20.
    Habitat
    Usually in sandy or clay flats, shores or seasonal watercourses, where liable to periodic flooding, on bare soil by ditches, etc.; 0–1050 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K7 T5 T6 T7 T8 tropical Africa from Senegal through Chad to Somalia (N.) and Ethiopia, S. to Zimbabwe and AngolaMauritiusIndia from Punjab to Madras and Sri Lanka, Burma: doubtfully recorded from Borneo
    [FWTA]

    Amaranthaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Erect or straggling, branched herb, to 2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Mauritius

    Nothosaerva brachiata (L.) Wight appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6910], Myanmar Aerva brachiata K001126154
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6910], India Aerva brachiata K001126151
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6910], India Aerva brachiata K001126152
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6910] Aerva brachiata K001126153

    First published in Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 6: 1 (1853)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Schinz in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 16C: 52 (1934).
    • Icon. 6: 1 (1853)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 136 (1974).
    • Cavaco in Mém. Bus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. B, 13: 104 (1962).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 70 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 119 (1950).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 173 (1895).
    • Wight, Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 6: 1 (1853).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0