Skip to main content
  1. Family: Oleaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Olea L.
      1. Olea capensis L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Oleaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Tree 10–40 m. high; bark pale grey, longitudinally fissured; slash reportedly of various colours: orange–brown, cream or rich green; wood exceedingly hard and durable.
    Stem
    Young sterns glabrous, ± terete, bark grey, fairly smooth.
    Leaves
    Leaves coriaceous; petiole 8–15 mm. long, pale to conspicuously dark brown; lamina 4·5–9 (11) x 1·2–4 cm., elliptic, ovate–elliptic or oblong–elliptic, with apex acute to acuminate and tipped with a small hard point, and base cuspidate to acuminate; upper surface glossy, with midrib impressed or level and the 5–6 pairs of lateral nerves faintly raised, joining inconspicuously in loops; lower surface mat, and paler, with prominent midrib and faintly raised lateral nerves; both surfaces punctate with scattered circular scales just visible with hand lens, these sometimes difficult to see on upper surface, lower surface never with metallic sheen; margin slightly revolute, often somewhat undulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a many–flowered paniculate cyme, terminal and in axils of upper two leaf–pairs; bracts 0·3–1 mm. long, subulate.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 1 mm. long, cup–shaped, subentire with 4–toothed rim.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 3 mm. long, white, globose in bud and remaining thus for a prolonged period, ultimately opening, the elliptic–acute lobes then reflexed; tube c. 1/3 as long as lobes.
    Anthers
    Anthers c. 2 mm. long.
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium c. 1·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 1·7 cm. long (dry), ellipsoid, with very thick woody endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seed not seen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Olea capensis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2000 Breteler, F.J. [169], Cameroon K000028012
    Styles, B.T. [311], Uganda 25694.053
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000233363 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000233364 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000233365
    Harris, T. [526], Malawi K000614609
    Timberlake, J. [5233], Mozambique K000613961
    Timberlake, J. [5353], Malawi K000614696
    Timberlake, J. [5455], Mozambique K000614436
    Mphamba [72], Mozambique K000614289
    Mphamba [96], Mozambique K000614307
    Mphamba [108], Mozambique K000614316

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 8 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Green, P.S. (2006). World Checklist of Oleaceae Manuscript Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0