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  1. Family: Penaeaceae Sweet ex Guill.
    1. Genus: Olinia Thunb.
      1. Olinia ventosa (L.) Cufod.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. & S. Cape Prov.

    [KBu]

    Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. 2013. A monographic study of the Oliniaceae. Kew Bulletin 68: 419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9465-x

    Habit
    Large tree, up to 5 m high
    Bark
    Bark smooth and greyish branchlets pink
    Leaves
    Leaves obovate to oblanceolate, petiolate, discolorous, glabrous on both surfaces, (36 –) 44 – 69 (− 80) × (17 –) 20 – 29 (− 35) mm base cuneate to attenuate apex acuminate to obtuse in juvenile leaves, slightly emarginate in mature leaves margin entire, undulate, slightly revolute venation brochidodromous Primary or midvein slightly sunken, protruding below surface Secondary veins branching at 30° – 40° from midrib, looping once before margins tertiary veins inconspicuous above
    Petiole
    Petiole pink, pubescent, (3 –) 3.6 – 6.5 (− 7.6) mm long
    Stipules
    Stipules as for the genus
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, dichasial cymes, loose axes slightly pubescent, (5.5 –) 6.6 – 9 (− 11) mm long peduncle (3 –) 3.1 – 4.2 (− 5) mm long
    Bracts
    Bracts caducous, cream-white, obovate, (1.5 –) 3.5 – 5 (− 7) × 1.5 – 3.5 mm, pubescent on both surfaces apex acuminate base decurrent (for those attached to inflorescence units)
    Flowers
    Flower 5-merous
    Pedicel
    Pedicel glabrous, 0.5 – 1 mm long
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium pink, glabrous, (3 –) 4.6 – 6.8 (− 7.8) mm long
    Calyx
    Sepals as for the genus
    Corolla
    Petals cream-white, elliptic, (1.5 –) 2 – 3 (− 3.3) × 1 – 1.5 (− 1.5) mm, inserted at throat of hypanthium, pubescent on lower surface at point of attachment, base sessile apex rounded margin entire
    Scales
    Scales cream-white, hooded, enclosing stamens, alternating with petal lobes, 0.5 – 1 mm long, pubescent on both surfaces
    Stamens
    Stamens as for the genus
    Ovary
    Ovary 5-locular style glabrous, ± 1 mm long stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit pink to red, globose to ovoid, 5 – 7 mm in diam- hypanthium scar 4 – 5 mm in diam.
    Distribution
    Known only from the Western Cape and Eastern Cape in South Africa. The region has a mediteranean type climate, and receives rain mainly in winter some areas in the east receive rainfall all year round.
    Ecology
    Occurs in mountain forests and along ravines alt. 960 – 1500 m.
    Conservation
    This species is distributed along the coastal regions of the southwestern Cape and Eastern Cape, South Africa. The high abundance of more than 10 individuals in a population (Sim 1907), occurrence in most conservancies and no potential for habitat destruction in the localities where it occurs suggest this species is not under threat, and thus is assessed as being of Least Concern (LC).
    Vernacular
    Hard pear, Hardepeer (Afrikaans).
    Note
    Both Olinia ventosa and O. capensis are large trees and they are sympatric. They can be distinguished largely on the basis of floral features. The flowers in O. ventosa are larger with petal lobes up to 3.3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide (vs petal lobes that are less that 2 mm long and only up to 1 mm wide in O. capensis). This species is related to Olinia capensis but differs in size of the flower (hypanthium that is longer than 3.5 mm in O. ventosa vs 2 mm or shorter in O. capensis) and the structure of the inflorescence (compact in O. capensis vs sparse and open in O. ventosa).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Olinia ventosa (L.) Cufod. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2013 Zeyher [2464 var c.], South Africa K000904733
    Jan 1, 1996 Burchell [5469], South Africa K000812964
    Jan 1, 1996 Wright, C. [s.n.], South Africa K000812962
    Jan 1, 1996 Burchell, W.J. [8397], South Africa K000812965
    Jan 1, 1996 Burchell, W.J. [5469], South Africa K000812967
    Jan 1, 1996 Burchell, W.J. [5475], South Africa K000812973
    Drege, J.F. [3468], South Africa K000812963
    Zeyher [883], South Africa K000812974
    s.coll. [2464], South Africa K000812966

    Bibliography

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 107: 106 (1960)

    Accepted by

    • Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. (2013). A monographic study of the Oliniaceae Kew Bulletin 68: 419-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

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    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sebola, R.J. & Balkwill, K. (2013). A monographic study of the Oliniaceae Kew Bulletin 68: 419-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0