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  1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Dianthus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Temp. Asia and Himalaya, Africa, Subarctic America.


    Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Annual, biennial or generally short-lived perennial, occasionally suffruticose herbs, generally with a woody tap root.
    Leaves exstipulate, usually linear or linear-lanceolate.
    Inflorescence cymose.
    Flowers solitary, fasciculate or clustered into heads.
    Calyx tubular, generally striate-nervose, 5-lobed, invested at the base by 1–12 pairs of calyx bracts.
    Internode between calyx and corolla (anthophore) variable.
    Gynophore short.
    Petals 5, claw of petal with two central longitudinal ridges (sometimes very inconspicuous).
    Stamens 10, united at the base into a short ring.
    Ovary ovoid, oblong or cylindric, placentation free-central; stigmas 2, free to base.
    Capsule with 4 equal teeth.

    Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves exstipulate, generally “grass-like,” more or less connate at base forming a sheath above the often swollen nodes
    Inflorescences terminating the flowering stems, cymose, panicled, or variously aggregated-capitulate; a varying number of pairs of calycine bracts surrounding the calyx
    Calyx tubular, 5-toothed, with numerous longitudinal parallel veins
    Petals 5, with a long narrow claw
    Stamens 10 in hermaphrodite flowers or abnormally reduced in number
    Ovary unilocular; styles 2, distinct from the base
    Capsule cylindrical, oblong, or ovoid, opening by four apical valves or teeth.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bangladesh, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Dianthus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davis [31511], Turkey 75194.000
    Sandwitch, N.Y. [6070], Spain 31018.000
    Sandwitch, N.Y. [6020], Spain 31215.000


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 409 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 191 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 409 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 191 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 409 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.