1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Dianthus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Temp. Asia and Himalaya, Africa, Subarctic America.

    [FZ]

    Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or generally short-lived perennial, occasionally suffruticose herbs, generally with a woody tap root.
    Leaves
    Leaves exstipulate, usually linear or linear-lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence cymose.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, fasciculate or clustered into heads.
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, generally striate-nervose, 5-lobed, invested at the base by 1–12 pairs of calyx bracts.
    Receptacle
    Internode between calyx and corolla (anthophore) variable.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore short.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, claw of petal with two central longitudinal ridges (sometimes very inconspicuous).
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, united at the base into a short ring.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, oblong or cylindric, placentation free-central; stigmas 2, free to base.
    Fruits
    Capsule with 4 equal teeth.
    [FTEA]

    Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves exstipulate, generally “grass-like,” more or less connate at base forming a sheath above the often swollen nodes
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminating the flowering stems, cymose, panicled, or variously aggregated-capitulate; a varying number of pairs of calycine bracts surrounding the calyx
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, 5-toothed, with numerous longitudinal parallel veins
    Corolla
    Petals 5, with a long narrow claw
    Stamens
    Stamens 10 in hermaphrodite flowers or abnormally reduced in number
    Pistil
    Ovary unilocular; styles 2, distinct from the base
    Fruits
    Capsule cylindrical, oblong, or ovoid, opening by four apical valves or teeth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Magadan, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bangladesh, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Dianthus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    75217.000
    74695.000
    Davis [31511], Turkey 75194.000
    Sandwitch, N.Y. [6070], Spain 31018.000
    Sandwitch, N.Y. [6020], Spain 31215.000
    75189.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 409 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 191 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 409 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 191 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 409 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0