Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Pakistan to Himalaya and S. Tibet.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[C-EM]
Distribution

Pakistan, N. India, Nepal, Bhutan, S. Xizang (Tibet).

Ecology

In wet and shady woods, open Abies (fir) forest on outskirts afforest or in open glades and in Caragana (pea shrub) and Juniperus (juniper) scrub on south-facing slopes; 2100-4000 m. Flowering In July and August.

General Description

A terrestrial herb 22-60 cm tall, growing from a very short stout rhizome. Stems solitary, slender to stout, to 55 cm long, 3-8 mm in diameter, increasingly pubescent and glandular from the base upwards, with three to four tubular sheaths at the base and two to five leaves well-spaced along its length. Leaves elliptic to broadly elliptic, acute to acuminate, 8-18 cm long, 3.5-10.5 cm wide, glabrous above and below, sparsely ciliate on the lower margins. Inflorescence one- or rarely two-flowered; peduncle 4-15 cm long, glandular especially towards the apex; bract leaf-like, elliptic to lanceolate, acuminate, 6-9 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, pubescent on veins of lower side, ciliate. Flower variable in size, sepals and petals green or pale green, rarely white or pale lemon-yellow, lip white spotted with pink within, staminode yellow with red spots; pedicel and ovary (2-) 3-4 cm long, densely glandular. Dorsal sepal lanceolate, acuminate, 2.8-6 cm long, 1.4-2 cm wide, pubescent at base on inner side and on outside, ciliate towards apex; synsepal narrowly elliptic, with two free acuminate tips, 3.5-5 cm long, 1-1.7 cm wide, pubescent on outside, ciliate. Petals lanceolate or linear and tapering above, acuminate, 2.8-5.5 cm long, 0.5-1.1 cm. Wide, pubescent at base within, eciIiate. Lip porrect, somewhat ellipsoidal or globose and dorsiventrally flattened, with a small mouth, 2.5-3.5 cm long; side lobes infolded and creased. Column 1-1.5 cm long; staminode oblong-trullate, obtuse, slightly longitudinally concave, . 9 mm long, 5 mm wide, glabrous.

Biology

Flowering In July and August.

Native to:

East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya

Cypripedium cordigerum D.Don appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bhutan 19474.000
Nepal K000363688
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7024], Nepal K001126595
Govan, G. [Cat. no. 7024], India K001126596
Royle [s..ns.n.], India K000363690
Govan, G. [Cat. no. 7024], India K001126597

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 37 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
  • Manilal, K.S. & Kumar, C.S. (eds.) (2004). Orchid Memories A tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden: 1-265. Mentor Books, Calicut.
  • Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale.
  • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org

  • Don, D. Original description of Cypripedium cordigerum. (1825).at

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
All Rights Reserved

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0