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This species is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to S. & SE. Tibet.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[C-EM]
Biology

Flowering inJune and July.

Distribution

N. India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, SE. Xizang (Tibet). Possibly SW. China.

Ecology

Amongst grass-clad limestone boulders, in nooks and crevices, amongst small shrubs on steep hillsides, in pastures, on open rocky slopes, or in Rhododendron-Cassiope scrub, growing in partial shade; 2800-4900 m. Flowering inJune and July.

General Description

A small terrestrial herb 14-30 cm tall, growing from an elongate rhizome 2-4mm in diameter. Stems erect, short, 4-20 cm long, sparsely pubescent, with two to three basal tubular sheaths, three- to four-leaved. Leaves closely spaced on stem, elliptic to ovate, acute, 5-10 cm long, 2.4-4.7 cm wide, slightly pubescent on upper surface, glabrous beneath, ciliate. Inflorescence oneflowered; peduncle 3-10 cm long, pubescent especially above; bract lanceolate, acuminate, 3.2-6 cm long, 0.5-1.3 cm wide. Flower very fragrant, claret and green, crimson-purple or reddish chocolate with a yellow column; pedicel and ovary 1.6-2.4 cm long, densely long-pubescent, hairs multicellular. Dorsal sepal ovate or elliptic, shortly acuminate or acute, 2.4-2.8 cm long, 1.8-2 cm wide, glabrous, eciliate; synsepal deeply concave, oblong-lanceolate, acute, 1.8-2.2 cm long, one-third as wide as dorsal sepal, glabrous, eciliate. Petals untwisted, lanceolate or linear-Ianc,eolate, acute, 2.3-3.4 cm long, 0.6-0.7 cm wide, pubescent at the base, ciliate. Lip bulbous, broadest towards the ape~ in side view, bilaterally compressed, 2.8-3.4 cm long, with a small mouth with a toothed margin; side lobes incurved and with a distinct crease. Column 0.7-0.9 cm long; staminode trullate-subcordate, obtuse to truncate, longitudinally cohcave, 0.7 cm long, 0.55 cm wide.

Native to:

East Himalaya, Nepal, Tibet, West Himalaya

Cypripedium himalaicum Rolfe appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 1972 Hooker, J.D. [317], Sikkim K000363717
Schilling, A.D. [392], Nepal 31923.000
Nepal 32360.000
Hooker, J.D. [317], Sikkim K000077963 holotype
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Sikkim K000077964 Unknown type material

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29: 319 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
  • Manilal, K.S. & Kumar, C.S. (eds.) (2004). Orchid Memories A tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden: 1-265. Mentor Books, Calicut.
  • Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale.
  • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org

  • Rolfe, R.A. Original description of Cypripedium himalaicum. 29, (1892).

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0