Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Sikkim to Central China.
Cypripedium tibeticum

[C-EM]
Ecology

Open montane meadows, margins of coniferous and mixed woodlands, open limestone ledges and screes; 2300-4200 4600 m.

General Description

A robust terrestrial herb 13-35 cm tall, with a short creeping rhizome. Stem erect, glabrous, leafy along length. Leaves six, the lowermost three reduced to sheaths around the base of the stem, uppermost round to elliptic-ovate, obtuse to acute, 7-15 cm long, 3.3-7.2 cm wide, ciliate, glabrous on both surfaces except towards the tips. Inflorescence one-flowered, produced usually before the leaves have fully developed; bract overtopping the flower, elliptic, ovate or lanceolate, acute or acuminate, 5-10.5 cm long. Flower nodding, purple or dark maroon, usually with a darker lip with a white-margined rim to the mouth and darker marked veins on the sepals and petals, flower drying black or very dark maroon; pedicel and ovary glabrous or rarely slightly pubescent or papillose towards the apex, 2-3.2 cm long. Dorsal sepal ovate-elliptic, acuminate to shortly mucronate, 3-5.2 cm long, 2.2-3 cm wide, sparsely ciliate. Synsepal elliptic-ovate or oblong-elliptic, bifid at tip, 3-3.5 cm long, 1.8-2 cm wide, sparsely ciliate towards apex. Petals incurved-porrect to subspreading and decurved, lanceolate to oblong- lanceolate, acuminate to acute, 3.6-6 cm long, 1.4-2.5 cm wide, sparsely ciliate, densely pubescent at the base on the inner surface. Lip deeply ventricose, usually broader than deep, 3.5-6 cm long and wide, the margins of the circular to elliptic mouth crimped all round, the outer surface usually wrinkled, hairy within. Column short; staminode subsessile, cordate-trullate, 1.5-2 cm long, 0.8-1.2 cm wide, more or less flat but somewhat concave at the blunt tip, glabrous.

Distribution

Sikkim, Bhutan, W. China (Xizang (Tibet), Yunnan, Sichuan, and possibly S. Gansu).

Native to:

China North-Central, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Tibet

Cypripedium tibeticum King ex Rolfe appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 16, 1996 Limpricht, H.W. [1647], China K000077925 isotype
May 16, 1996 Delavay, P.J.M. [s.n.], China K000077930 isosyntype
May 16, 1996 Delavay, P.J.M. [s.n.], Yunnan K000077931 isosyntype
Cribb, P. [C90/17], China 55880.000
Cribb, P. [C90/4], China 56036.000
Cribb, P. [C92/3], China 59740.000
Perner, H [HP 002], China 71360.000
Delavay, P.J.M. [3478], Yunnan K000077923 isosyntype
Delavay, P.J.M. [s.n.], Yunnan K000077924 isosyntype
Pratt, A.E. [301], Sichuan K000077926 lectotype
Pratt, A.E. [42], China K000077927 syntype
Pratt, A.E. [14], Sichuan K000077928 syntype
Dungboo [s.n.], Sikkim K000077961 syntype
Dungboo [s.n.], Sikkim K000077962 syntype
s.coll. [s.n.], Sikkim K000796341
Pratt, A.E. [736], Sichuan K000077929 syntype
Frosch, W. [s.n.], Yunnan Cypripedium froschii K000077960 holotype
Frosch, W. [s.n.], Yunnan Cypripedium froschii K000364512 holotype

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29: 320 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Manilal, K.S. & Kumar, C.S. (eds.) (2004). Orchid Memories A tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden: 1-265. Mentor Books, Calicut.
  • Perner, H. (2006 publ. 2007). Cypripedium froschii, anmerkungen zu einem synonym von Cyp. tibeticum - Nachtrag Die Orchidee. Hamburg-Othmarschen & Hamburg 57: 771-776.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org

  • Rolfe, R.A. Original description of Cypripedium tibeticum. 29, (1892).

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
All Rights Reserved

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/