1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dactylorhiza Neck. ex Nevski
      1. Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Africa, Europe to Central Siberia.

    [O-EM]
    Distribution

    Much of Europe, but absent from most of the southeast.

    Habitat

    Moorland, grassland and damp woods; mainly on acid soils.

    General Description

    Stem with 5-12 distant leaves. Leaves with or without dark spots; lower linear-lanceolate to ovate or oblong, acute to obtuse. Bracts mostly shorter than the flowers. Outer perianth-segments 7-11 mm. Middle lobe of labellum shorter than to as long as (rarely longer than) and much narrower than the lateral lobes. Spur 3-11 mm, cylindrical, shorter than to as long as ovary.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Krasnoyarsk, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Ontario

    Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sweden 50600.000
    76455.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2349], Austria 363.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2373], Austria 364.000
    Verdcourt, B. [4667B], France 32386.000
    Sandwith, N.Y. [3822], France 366.000
    Sandwith, N.Y. [3841], France 367.000
    Sandwith, N.Y. [5192], Spain 371.000
    Sandeman, C. [1], France 365.000
    Hepper, F.N. [A.B.C.], France 368.000
    Hepper, F.N. [D.E.F.], France 369.000
    Hepper, F.N. [9], France 370.000
    Chase [16918] 71699.000
    Chase [16914] 71704.000
    Chase [16849 a.b.c.] 71707.000
    Chase [16913] 71714.000
    Chase [16909] 71718.000
    Chase [16917] 71723.000
    Chase [16916] 71724.000
    Chase [16915] 71725.000
    Chase [16911] 71726.000
    Chase [16912] 71728.000
    Chase [16910] 71730.000
    Chase [19426], Austria 73024.000
    Watson, J.M. [56], Italy 506.000
    Wood, J.J. [564], France 36010.000
    Wood, J.J. [536], France 44346.000
    Wood, J.J. [560], France 45819.000
    Wood, J.J. [527], France 45885.000
    Wood, J.J. [537], France 45922.000
    Wood, J.J. [530], France 45925.000
    Collins, P.B. [82/004], Norway 44496.000
    Joseph, J. [350], Spain 48822.000
    Fay [655a] 70549.000
    Fay [659] 70395.000
    Shipunov [79-1], USSR 71042.000
    Shipunov [80-1], USSR 71048.000
    Shipunov [75-1], USSR 71105.000
    Shipunov [39-1] 71759.000
    Shipunov [37-1] 71761.000
    Shipunov [40-1] 71762.000
    Shipunov [36-1] 71764.000
    Shipunov [33-1] 71767.000
    Shipunov [30-1] 71770.000
    Shipunov [23-1] 71772.000
    Shipunov 71775.000
    Shipunov 71778.000
    Shipunov 71787.000
    Shipunov 71789.000
    Shipunov 71793.000
    Bateman [s.n.], United Kingdom 71069.000
    Bateman [782] 72046.000
    E.G. [4013], France K000718390
    Lang, A.F. [s.n.] K000364177
    Edgar, G.H. [1002], Great Britain K000718732
    s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K000364178
    Civeyrel et al [567], France 78333.000

    First published in Nom. Nov. Gen. Dactylorhiza: 7 (1962)

    Accepted by

    • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Petrova, A.S., Vladimirov, V. & Stoyanov, Y. (2009). Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. transsilvanica (Orchidaceae): new for the Bulgarian flora Phytologia Balcanica 15: 389-392.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved