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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Disa P.J.Bergius
      1. Disa cryptantha Summerh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Ethiopia, S. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Corolla
    Petals 2-lobed; anterior lobe 4–5.5 mm long and 1.8–3 mm wide, ovate, taller than the dorsal sepal, the upper margin incurved; posterior lobe 0.5–1 mm shorter than the anterior lobe, acute, 0.5 mm wide.
    Labellum
    Lip 4–6 mm long, linear, acute, pendent.
    Rostellum
    Rostellum c. 1 mm tall.
    Anthers
    Anther erect, 2–3 mm tall, the connective massive.
    Stigma
    Stigma 0.5 mm high.
    Ovary
    Ovary 1–1.5 cm long.
    Habit
    Terrestrial herb with separate sterile and fertile shoots.
    Shoots
    Sterile shoots to 8 cm long; leaves erect, c. 14 cm long and 6 mm wide, linear, acute. Fertile shoots 30–60 cm tall; cauline leaves imbricate, 6.5–7.5 cm long and c. 1 cm wide, acute to subacuminate, sheathing with a free apex; basal leaves entirely sheathing, smaller, reddish.
    Sterile
    Sterile shoots to 8 cm long; leaves erect, c. 14 cm long and 6 mm wide, linear, acute.
    Fertile
    Fertile shoots 30–60 cm tall; cauline leaves imbricate, 6.5–7.5 cm long and c. 1 cm wide, acute to subacuminate, sheathing with a free apex; basal leaves entirely sheathing, smaller, reddish.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence dense, 7–11mm long, 15–50-flowered.
    Bracts
    Floral bracts prominent, 2–3 cm long, narrowly ovate, overtopping and partially obscuring the flowers.
    Flowers
    Flowers brightly flesh-coloured with darker spots.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal broadly elliptic, forming a galea 3.5–5.5 mm tall, 2.5–3.7 mm wide and c. 1.5 mm deep, obtuse, erect. Lateral sepals 3.8–6.5 mm long, obliquely oblong-elliptic, spreading upwards.
    Spur
    Spur 3.5–5 mm long, slender cylindrical, pendent from near the base of the galea, reaching below the base of the galea.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    A terrestrial herb 3–5 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
    Tubers
    Tubers ovoid or carrot-shaped, 1.5–3 cm. long, ± 1 cm. in diameter, shortly tomentose or almost glabrous.
    Roots
    Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
    Stem
    Flowering stems erect, slender, covered by the sheathing leaves; leaves 9–10, the lowest short, sheath-like, the remainder adpressed to the stem with the apices somewhat spreading, lanceolate, acuminate, the largest 4–7 cm. long, ± 1 cm. broad. Sterile stems up to 3–4 cm. long, with several red-spotted or tinged overlapping sheaths and 1 leaf at the apex; leaf linear, acute, ± 16 cm. long, scarcely 5 mm. broad.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 7–10 cm. long, ± 2 cm. in diameter, rather closely 15–30-flowered.
    Bracts
    Bracts leafy, relatively large and almost covering the flowers, lanceolate, acuminate, 1.8–3 cm. long, overtopping the flowers.
    Flowers
    Flowers suberect, flesh-coloured to crimson with dark spots of the same colour; ovary with pedicel straight, 12–13 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal erect, broadly ovate or elliptical-ovate, obtuse, convex, spurred nearly at the base, just over 4 mm. long, 3–4 mm. broad, the spur pendent, cylindrical, ± 3 mm. long; laterals spreading, oblong or lanceolate-oblong, ± 5 mm. long and 3.5 mm. broad.
    Corolla
    Petals erect, obovate in general shape, shortly 2-lobed on the inner margin, altogether nearly 5 mm. long and 3.5 mm. broad, the front lobe broad and rounded, the back lobe much smaller and shorter, triangular, acute, ± 1 mm. long and broad.
    Labellum
    Lip pendent, linear, 4–5 mm. long, ± 0.5 mm. broad.
    Anthers
    Anther slightly incurved, ± 3 mm. high.
    Stigma
    Stigma nearly orbicular with 3 grooves radiating from the centre, ±1.5 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Boggy grassland; 950 m.
    Distribution
    T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Disa cryptantha Summerh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8142], Tanzania 24670.000 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8142], Tanzania K000077505 holotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8142], Tanzania K000077506 holotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3585], Zambia 24690.000
    Robinson, E.A. [5913], Zambia 28664.000
    Williamson, G. [336], Zambia 33738.000
    Schaijes, M. [1770], Congo, DRC 47438.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 17: 537 (1964)

    Accepted by

    • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Summerh. in Kew Bulletin 17: 537, fig. 11 (1964).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0