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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Disa P.J.Bergius
      1. Disa hircicornis Rchb.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A slender to rather stout terrestrial herb, 1-21/2 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    A dense cylindrical flower spike 2-7 in. long
    Flowers
    Flowers purple with darker markings
    Ecology
    In damp grassy places and marshes
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb with separate fertile and sterile shoots; perennating by testicular tubers.
    Shoots
    Sterile shoots usually 2-leaved; leaves shortly petioled, semi-erect, conduplicate, to 30 cm long, narrowly elliptic to linear, acute. Fertile shoots 30–60 cm tall; cauline leaves imbricate, mostly sheathing and mottled or barred red at the bases, 5–20 cm long, lanceolate, acute.
    Sterile
    Sterile shoots usually 2-leaved; leaves shortly petioled, semi-erect, conduplicate, to 30 cm long, narrowly elliptic to linear, acute.
    Fertile
    Fertile shoots 30–60 cm tall; cauline leaves imbricate, mostly sheathing and mottled or barred red at the bases, 5–20 cm long, lanceolate, acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence dense, 6–20 cm long, 20–70-flowered.
    Bracts
    Floral bracts as tall as or taller than the flowers, lanceolate, acuminate, the apices usually reflexed.
    Flowers
    Flowers facing down at an angle of 45°, deep dusty-purple or other shades of purple-red.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal galeate; galea 5–7.5 mm long, 4–6 mm wide and 1.5–2 mm deep, elliptic, rarely ovate to obovate, acute to obtuse. Lateral sepals 7.5 mm long, oblong, rarely ovate, acute.
    Spur
    Spur slender, 8–13 mm long, cylindric from a conical base, horizontal at the base but soon sharply deflexed (apparently ascending at base because galea faces down).
    Corolla
    Petals erect, 4–5.5 mm long, narrowly obovate-oblong, truncate, oblique, rarely obovate, acute.
    Labellum
    Lip 4–5.5 mm long, linear to narrowly elliptic, pendent.
    Rostellum
    Rostellum 1.5–2 mm tall, lateral lobes parallel.
    Anthers
    Anther 1.5–2 mm long.
    Stigma
    Stigma stipitate.
    Ovary
    Ovary c. 1 cm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Disa hircicornis Rchb.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 27, 1962 Stolz, A [2454], Tanzania K000077542 holotype
    Dec 27, 1962 Stolz, A [2454], Tanzania K000077541
    Jan 1, 1881 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000077543 holotype
    Zambia 33787.000
    Hall, A.V. [220], Zimbabwe 25243.000
    Hall, A.V. [220], Zimbabwe K000384353
    Holmes, W.D. [079], Zambia 20914.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2992], Zambia 24668.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3675], Zambia 508.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7979A], Tanzania 509.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7979], Tanzania 9417.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8308], Tanzania 9419.000
    Watermeyer, A.M. [85], Tanzania 20912.000
    Richards, H.M. [4326], Zambia 20688.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [4045] 33515.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [572], Kenya 9416.000
    Ball, J.S. [724], Zimbabwe 25283.000
    Robson, N.K.B. [1321], Malawi 510.000
    Richards, H.M. [15945], Zambia 1834.000
    Richards, H.M. [7699], Tanzania 18534.000
    Richards, H.M. [12442], Zambia 18539.000
    Richards, H.M. [7320], Zambia 20689.000
    Richards, H.M. [17429], Zambia 24852.000
    Richards, H.M. [16976], Zambia 25309.000
    Richards, H.M. [17242], Zambia 25319.000
    Richards, H.M. [14408], Malawi 3751.000
    Richards, H.M. [15980], Zambia 3752.000
    Polhill, R. [1565], Tanzania 24904.000
    Robinson, E.A. [4126], Zambia 18532.000
    Robinson, E.A. [4112], Zambia 18540.000
    Greatrex, F.C. [26742], Zimbabwe 20911.000
    Greatrex, F.C. [26742], Zimbabwe K000384357
    Norlindh, T. [4110], Zimbabwe 9418.000
    Williamson, G. [651], Zambia 6049.423
    Saska, M. [88], Tanzania 18528.000
    Maitland, T.D. [1781], Cameroon K000106536
    Tweedie [3650], Kenya 6049.316
    Bogdan, A. [10,189], Kenya 20913.000
    Richards, M. [22937], Tanzania 31955.000
    Phipps, J.B. [430], Zimbabwe K000384351
    Gassner, A. [142], Malawi 46490.000
    Wild, H. [943], Zimbabwe K000384352
    Moll, E.J. [511], Zimbabwe K000384355
    Grosvenor, R.K. [781], Zimbabwe K000384354
    FM [75] 64626.000
    [Histop], G. [384], Zimbabwe K000384356
    Priest, C.D. [228771], Zimbabwe K000384358
    Norlindh, N.T. [4110], Zimbabwe K000384359
    Jan 1, 1881 Fannin [53], South Africa Disa laeta K000077596 Unknown type material
    Williamson, G. [655], Zambia Disa amblyopetala 33729.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Otia Bot. Hamburg.: 105 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.T.A. 7: 283.
    • Otia Bot. Hamburg. 105 (1881)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0