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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Disa P.J.Bergius
      1. Disa scutellifera A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    A terrestrial herb 2.5–7.5 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
    Tubers
    Tubers ellipsoid, ovoid or elongate-ovoid, 2–4.5 cm. long, 1–2 cm. in diameter, shortly tomentose.
    Roots
    Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
    Stem
    Sterile stems up to 13 cm. long, covered by several overlapping sheaths, 1–2-leaved at the apex; leaves lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, 10–30 cm. long, 1–2 cm. broad. Flowering stems rather stout, almost entirely covered by adpressed sheathing leaves, terete, often ± 1 cm. in diameter at the base; leaves 9–13, the lowermost short, sheath-like, the remainder lanceolate, acute, the largest 7–12 cm. long, 1–2 cm. broad.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 5–19 cm. long, 2.5–4.5 cm. in diameter, densely 14- to many-flowered.
    Bracts
    Bracts leafy, lanceolate, acuminate, 2–3.5 cm. long, the lower ones often longer than the flowers.
    Flowers
    Flowers suberect, pink, bright carmine or mauve, often with darker spots, rarely white; pedicel with ovary straight, ±1.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal erect, orbicular, obovate or ovate from a very short narrowed base, convex, spurred below the middle, 6–11 (–14.5) mm. long, 5–8(-ll) mm. broad, the spur pendent, often slightly swollen in the apical part, 4.5–6(–10) mm. long; laterals spreading upwards, obliquely oblong or elliptical, obtuse or rounded, 8–10(–13) mm. long, 4–5(–6.5) mm. broad.
    Corolla
    Petals erect, 2-lobed in the upper part, altogether 6.5–8(-ll) mm. long; lower (front) lobe obliquely elliptical with a somewhat cordate base on the outside, rounded at the apex, 5–7 mm. long, 3.5–5 mm. broad; upper (back) lobe much smaller, linear-oblong, curved, 3.5–5.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad.
    Labellum
    Lip pendent, linear, 6.5–10.5 mm. long, 0.7–1.7 mm. broad.
    Anthers
    Anther erect, shortly stalked, 4–5.5 mm. high.
    Stigma
    Stigma orbicular, 2.5–3 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Damp grassland or grassy rocky slopes; 1800–2400 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Disa scutellifera A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 15, 1974 Harrington, G.N. [541], Ethiopia K000317277
    Nov 19, 1962 Smart, J.B. [15], Kenya K000317289
    Nov 19, 1962 Eggeling, W.J. [5921], Uganda K000317280
    Nov 19, 1962 Myers, J.G. [11596], Sudan K000317271
    Nov 19, 1962 Mooney, H.F. [7392], Ethiopia K000317270
    Nov 19, 1962 Mooney, H.F. [7406], Ethiopia K000317274
    Nov 19, 1962 Graham, R.M. [3499], Kenya K000317286
    Nov 19, 1962 Graham, R.M. [2818], Kenya K000317293
    Nov 19, 1962 Graham, R.M. [2881], Kenya K000317296
    Nov 19, 1962 Dale, I.R. [292], Uganda K000317279
    Nov 19, 1962 Thomas, A.S. [3627], Uganda K000317281
    Nov 19, 1962 Tweedie [472], Kenya K000317287
    Nov 19, 1962 Tweedie [38], Kenya K000317288
    Nov 19, 1962 Schimper [1309], Ethiopia K000077509 holotype
    Nov 19, 1962 Parkyns, M. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000317276
    Nov 19, 1962 White, R. [1279], Kenya K000317295
    Nov 19, 1962 Philip, M.S. [791], Uganda K000317283
    Nov 19, 1962 Mainwaring, D.C. [1280], Kenya K000317294
    Nov 19, 1962 Whittal, E. [58], Kenya K000317285
    Nov 19, 1962 Wilson, G. [975], Uganda K000317282
    Jun 19, 1962 Pole-Evans, I.B. [1405], Kenya K000317291
    Piers, F. [P.56], Kenya 3806.000
    Jaeger, P. [212], Sierra Leone 9423.000
    Dyson, W.G. [414], Kenya K000317292
    Piers, F. [98], Kenya 26242.000
    Piers, F. [s.n.], Kenya K000317290
    Tweedie, E.M. [2654], Uganda K000317284
    Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [6572], Ethiopia K000317273
    Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [6838], Ethiopia K000317275
    Smeds, H. [180], Ethiopia K000317278
    Ouren, T. [20861], Ethiopia K000317272

    Bibliography

    First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 14: 272 (1840)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Summerh. in Kew Bulletin 17: 541 (1964).
    • Tweedie in Journ. E.A. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 33 (1964).
    • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 278 (1898).
    • A. Rich in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 2, 14: 272, t. 18/IX (1840).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0