1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gymnadenia R.Br.
      1. Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to N. & Central Japan.

    [O-EM]
    Distribution

    Most of Europe except for parts of the south-west and south-east.

    General Description

    Tubers with 3-6 obtuse lobes.

    Habitat

    Grassland, marshes, fens and scrub; somewhat calcicole.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Manchuria, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Connecticut

    Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    United Kingdom 22547.000
    United Kingdom 26191.000
    United Kingdom 28166.000
    United Kingdom 36171.000
    70690.000
    71802.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2285], Austria 1394.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [12299], France 1395.000
    Verdcourt, B. [5431C], United Kingdom 45034.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1929], United Kingdom 1398.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1716], United Kingdom 18501.000
    Sayers, D. [05/40/18], Austria 1389.000
    Sayers, D. [08/10/1107], Austria 1392.000
    Hubbard, C.E., United Kingdom 10502.000
    Burtt, B.L. [B206], United Kingdom 1388.000
    Sandeman, C. [2], France 1393.000
    Mountfort, C.C., United Kingdom 21591.000
    Draper, J.C., United Kingdom 19387.000
    Hall, P.M., United Kingdom 1391.000
    Gilbert, M., United Kingdom 1397.000
    Drapes, United Kingdom 14599.000
    Hunt, P.F. [1435], United Kingdom 6718.000
    McCallum Webster, M., United Kingdom 30575.000
    McCallum Webster, M., United Kingdom 30588.000
    Bruce, E.A., United Kingdom 8494.000
    Allison, G.H., United Kingdom 22548.000
    Angel, T.H., United Kingdom 22549.000
    Jermy, A.C. [1172], Sweden 23058.000
    Sladen, W.J.L. [16/17/214], Yugoslavia 24832.000
    Mason, P.H., United Kingdom 7633.000
    Grose, D., United Kingdom 25264.000
    Smith, A.R. [650612/7], Great Britain K000970110
    Draper, United Kingdom 7158.000
    Chesterman, D. [82], Italy 45375.000
    Chesterman, D. [83], Italy 45376.000
    Chesterman, D. [81], Italy 45377.000
    Yeo, P., United Kingdom 29970.000
    Barneby, T.P. [33], Switzerland 31586.000
    Webster, M., United Kingdom 34547.000
    Matthews, P., France 61596.000
    Frost, R. [s.n.], United Kingdom 72790.000
    Fay, M.F. [MFF 153] K000364647
    Taquet, E.J. [1640], Korea K000796360

    First published in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 191 (1813)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Rokaya, M.B. & al. (2013). An annotated checklist of the orchids of Nepal Nordic Journal of Botany 31: 511-550.
    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2013). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 16 Taxon 62: 1355-1360.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
    • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
    • Lee, B.C. (2009). Rare plants data book of Korea: 1-296. Korea National Arboretum.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Rokaya, M.B. & al. (2013). An annotated checklist of the orchids of Nepal Nordic Journal of Botany 31: 511-550.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved