1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Herminium L.
      1. Herminium monorchis (L.) R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Himalaya.

    [O-EM]
    General Description

    Tuber solitary at anthesis, 2-4 others appearing later on slender, underground stolons. Plant 7-25 cm. Lower leaves 2-3(-4), 20-70 x 3-10 mm, elliptic-oblong to linear-lanceolate, the upper 1-2, linear-subulate, bract- like. Spike 1.5-9 cm, slender, sometimes secund, usually rather lax. Flowers yellowish-green, honey-scented. Outer perianth-segments 2.5-3 mm, ovate-lanceolate, obtuse, the inner c. 3.5 mm, oblong-lanceolate, often shallowly lobed near base. Labellum 3.5-4 mm; lobes oblong, the 2 lateral projecting at right angles or curved forwards, much shorter than the middle.

    Habitat

    Grassland.

    Distribution

    Much of Europe, but absent from the extreme north and most of the Mediterranean region and the south-west.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Altay, Amur, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Manchuria, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, South European Russi, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tuva, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Hungary

    Herminium monorchis (L.) R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2380], Austria 1461.000
    Taylor, P. [0741], Great Britain K000773783
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2940], Great Britain K000773735
    Summerhayes, V.S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773731
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1591], United Kingdom K000773784
    Airy Shaw, H.K. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773772
    Adams, C.D. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773753
    Sprague, T.A. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773789
    Comber, H.F. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773752
    Jackson, A.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773740
    Jackson, A.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773802
    Britton, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773793
    Lowne, B.T. [1012], Great Britain K000773780
    Lowne, B.T. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773751
    Bruce, E.A., United Kingdom 21593.000
    Saunders, A. [1012], Great Britain K000773795
    Saunders, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773746
    Saunders, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773747
    Gillett [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773775
    Hill, A.W. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773732
    Taylor, P.G. [0741], United Kingdom K000773791
    Barneby, T.P., France 31601.000
    Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773762
    Reid, D.A. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773742
    Gamble, J.S. [27974], United Kingdom K000773737
    Moggridge, J.T. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773759
    Hooker, W.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773760
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773773
    McIvor, W. [1280.], United Kingdom K000773771
    Mackay [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773729
    Milne-Redhead, E.W.B.H. [719], United Kingdom K000773797
    Atkins, A. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773756
    Atkins, A. [1059], United Kingdom K000773765
    Bruce [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773758
    Foord-Kelcey, F.L. [1569], Great Britain K000773786
    Richards, R.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773794
    Lupton, F.G.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773770
    Crosfield, A.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773766
    Townsed, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773790
    Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773743
    Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773754
    Cullum, T. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773781
    Knight, F.P. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773774
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773730
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773733
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773736
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773744
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773745
    s.coll. [1012], United Kingdom K000773748
    s.coll. [1280], United Kingdom K000773749
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773777
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773779
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773785
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773799
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773803
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773806
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773807
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773809
    Evans, H.A. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773792
    Rawlings, S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773768
    Southey Hill, R. [280], United Kingdom K000773739
    Salmon, J.D. [1059], United Kingdom K000773767
    Borrer, W. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773776
    Bickham, S.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773801
    Jeffrey, J.F. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773761
    White, A.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773734
    Horwood, A.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773738
    Mcleod, C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773741
    Hemsley, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773750
    Jenner, H.L. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773755
    Nicholls, C.W. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773757
    Nicholls, C.W. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773787
    Jefferies, F. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773763
    Lomax, A.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773764
    Linnell, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773769
    Barkman, J.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773788
    Notcutt, W.L. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773796
    Reader, H.P. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773800
    Cadell, C.M.A. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773804
    Broome, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773805
    Cullum, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773808
    F.A.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000773811
    Przewalski, N.M. [s.n.], China Herminium tanguticum K000079031

    First published in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 191 (1813)

    Accepted by

    • Raskoti, B.B., Schuiteman, A., Jin, W.T. & Jin, X.H. (2017). A taxonomic revision of Herminium L. (Orchidoideae, Orchidaceae) PhytoKeys 79: 1-74.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
    • Stepantsova, N.V. (2010). Additions to the "flora of Siberia" in Lena-Katanga floristic area of Irkutsk region Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 95: 992-1005.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
    • Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale.
    • Deb, C.R. & Imchen, T. (2008). Orchid Diversity of Nagaland: 1-288. SciChem Publishing House, Udaipur, India.
    • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Deb, C.R. & Imchen, T. (2008). Orchid Diversity of Nagaland: 1-288. SciChem Publishing House, Udaipur, India.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved