1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Himantoglossum Spreng.
      1. Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, NW. Africa, Iraq.

    [O-EM]
    Distribution

    South, South-central & West Europe, northwards to central England and the Netherlands.

    General Description

    Stem 20-90 cm, stout, glabrous, with indistinct purplish blotches. Lower leaves 4-6, 5-15 x 3-5 cm, elliptic- oblong obtuse, the upper smaller, acute, amplexicaul. Spike 10-30(-50 cm, cylindrical, rather lax. Flowers large, with a strong odour. Perianth-segments 7-10 mm, subequal, pale green, with purplish spots and streaks, the outer ovate, obtuse, the inner linear. Labellum 30-50 mm, whitish, with purple spots and papillose towards base, darker green and smooth distally; lateral lobes linear, acute, curled, often purplish; middle lobe c. 2 mm wide, lorate, somewhat undulate; spur obtuse, slightly curved downwards.

    Habitat

    Grassland, scrub and open woods; usually calcicole.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iraq, Italy, Morocco, Netherlands, Romania, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Italy 20418.000
    Verdcourt, B. [4525A], France 30088.000
    Verdcourt, B. [4566], France 31803.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1594], United Kingdom 5832.000
    Grey-Wilson, C., France 29047.161
    Wood, J.J. [550], France 39524.000
    Venning, F.E.W., United Kingdom 26891.000
    Smith, A.R. [120], France K000970108
    Barneby, T., France 7218.000
    Raffill, C.P., France 5835.000
    Barneby, T.P. [1], France 31626.000
    Joseph, J. [245], Spain 48451.000
    Halstead, France 5831.000
    Chase, M.W.C. [14051], United Kingdom 71044.000
    Jacquin, N.N.J.von [s.n.], Austria K000364027
    Lang, A.F. [s.n.] Aceras hircinum K000364030
    Satyrium hircinum K000364031
    Montbiliare [s.n.] Orchis hircina K000395682

    First published in Syst. Veg. 3: 694 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved