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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys argolica H.Fleischm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Italy to Syria.

    [O-EM]
    Habitat

    Calcareous, dry to moist (rarely wet) soil in full sunlight to light shade, from sea level to 1300 m altitude. Typical habitats include garrigue, open oak and pine woods, grassland, roadside slopes and old pesticide-free olive groves.

    General Description

    Plant compact to slender, (7.5-)10-65 cm tall with (1-)2-8(-12) flowers in a dense to relatively lax spike. Sepals white to violet, less frequently (pale) green, narrowly (ovate-)elliptic, 10-18 × 5-10 mm; dorsal sepal (nearly) flat, straight to slightly incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals pale rose- coloured to (purplish) violet, (triangular-)ovate to lanceolate or (elliptic-) oblong with (nearly) flat margins, (3-)4-11 × 2-5.5 mm, shaggy to velvety, spreading or reflexed. Lip with (reddish) brown to yellowish brown or olive-green ground colour, straight and nearly flat, entire to moderately three-lobed close to the middle, 9-16 × 12-20 mm, in the basal part more or less shaggy of usually light hairs along the margin (otherwise nearly glabrous – or velvety along the margin); bulges rarely present and in that case only weakly developed, distinctly isolated from the margin of the lip (side lobes flat, if present); front edge obtuse to emarginate, provided with a short, more or less porrect, awl-shaped to triangular (rarely somewhat rectangular) point; mirror distinct (rarely obscure), consisting of a horseshoe- to butterfly-shaped figure or two rhomboid to drop-shaped spots, placed centrally and isolated from the base of the lip (rarely connected to the latter by thin lines), dull (rarely shining) grey to blue, bluish violet or brownish to reddish violet, often with a pale border. Column acute to obtuse, not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity at least as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, with dark or pale, lateral, eye-like knobs at base.

    Distribution

    Central and eastern Mediterranean, from mainland Italy across Greece to Anatolia and Cyprus, though missing on many islands in the Aegean Sea. [Aeg, Cre, Gre, Ita, Yug; Ana, Cyp].

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Greece, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Ophrys argolica H.Fleischm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davis, P. [25778], Turkey 193.000
    Townsend, C.C. [69/44a], Greece 32289.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [10], Greece 38207.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [19], Greece 38208.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [14], Greece 38213.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [143], Greece 40062.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [141], Greece 41020.000
    Wood, J.J. [138], Greece 38928.000
    Wood, J.J. [137], Greece 38931.000
    Collins, P.B. [4a], Greece 35085.000
    Collins, P.B. [10], Greece 35094.000
    Norman, T., Greece 38187.000
    Norman, T., Greece 40199.000
    Norman, T., Greece 40972.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 295 (1919)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
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