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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys bombyliflora Link

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands, Medit.

    [O-EM]
    Habitat

    Dry to very wet, calcareous soil, in full sunlight to light shade from sea level to 900 m altitude. Typical habitats include garrigue, roadside slopes, grassland, open forest, pesticide-free olive groves and moist meadows.

    Distribution

    Throughout the Mediterranean, except for the very easternmost regions, and it is the only Ophrys to reach the Canary Islands in the Atlantic. Close to its eastern boundary, this species is infrequent (e.g. on Rhodes) to very rare (e.g. on Lesbos and Samos). In many parts of the central Mediterranean, on the other hand, O. bombyliflora is common. [Aeg, Alb, Bal, Can, Cor, Cre, Fra, Gre, Ita, Mal, Por, Sar, Sic, Spa, Tur, Yug; Ana, Mor, Tun]

    General Description

    Plant compact, 5-20(-30) cm tall with 1-5 flowers in a relatively dense spike. Sepals (yellowish) green, broadly elliptic, 9-12 × 6-8 mm; dorsal sepal more or less boat-shaped, slightly incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals (yellowish) green, often suffused with brown towards the base, (triangular-)ovate with flat margins, 3-4 × 3-4 mm, velvety to shaggy, spreading. Lip with (greyish) brown ground colour, straight with strongly recurved sides, deeply three-lobed in its basal part, 8-10 × 11-13 mm, velvety to shaggy along the margin (otherwise nearly glabrous); side lobes converted into obliquely conical bulges; mid-lobe longer than the side lobes, emarginate, provided with a short, porrect to downward pointing, awl-shaped point (hidden under the strongly vaulted lip); mirror obscure, consisting of a simple and relatively small, somewhat H- to horseshoe-shaped figure, the basal arms of which are connected to the base of the lip, dull (violet-)grey, occasionally with a pale border. Column rounded, not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity at least as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, devoid of lateral, eyelike knobs at base.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Corse, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ophrys bombyliflora Link appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Italy 153.000
    Libya 31856.000
    Harley, R.M., Greece 23909.000
    Watson, J.M. [4], Greece 2986.000
    Price, R.F., Spain 20384.000
    Chater, D.H., Spain 20385.000
    Russell, J. [15], Portugal 5807.000
    Banks, C., Italy 23037.000
    Wood, J.J. [148], Greece 38945.000
    Wood, J.J. [428], Italy 43548.000
    Hooper, S., Greece 27988.000
    Collins, P.B. [74/0008], Portugal 41300.000
    Blamey, P. [4], Spain 38325.000
    Blamey, P. [2], Spain 38328.000
    Clements, M.A. [2589], Greece 48774.000
    Clements, M.A. [2552], Greece 48776.000

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bot. (Schrader) 1799(2): 325 (1800)

    Accepted by

    • Henry, Y. (2015). Autour de l'AND chloroplastique du genre Ophrys L. L' Orchidophile. Revue de la Société Française d' Orchidophilie 46: 299-317.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2 Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
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