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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys ferrum-equinum Desf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Albania to SW. & S. Turkey.

    [O-EM]
    General Description

    Plant compact to slender, 10-35 cm tall with 2-8 flowers in a lax spike. Sepals violet to (greenish) white or olive-green, ovate to oblanceolate- oblong, 10-17 × 3.5-9 mm; dorsal sepal nearly flat, more or less incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals rose-coloured to purplish violet or white with a greenish tinge, narrowly triangular to lanceolate-oblong with flat or wavy margins, 6-11 × 2.5-4 mm, (nearly) glabrous, recurved to spreading. Lip with (purplish) black ground colour, straight, flat or with more or less recurved sides, entire to moderately three-lobed, 10-18.5 × 10-19.5 mm, dark velvety along the margin (otherwise nearly glabrous); bulges rarely present and then only weakly developed, distinctly isolated from the margin of the lip (side lobes flat, if present); front edge rounded to slightly emarginate, often provided with a short, porrect to downward directed, triangular to awl-shaped point; mirror distinct, consisting of a more or less horseshoe-shaped figure or two longitudinal bands of drop-shaped spots, placed centrally without connection to the base of the lip, shining bluish grey (rarely with a white border). Column acute (to obtuse), not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity at least as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, with dark, lateral, eye-like knobs at base.

    Habitat

    Calcareous, dry to moist soil in full sunlight to light shade, from sea level to 1000 m altitude. Typical habitats include roadside slopes, stony grassland, garrigue, open pine woods and pesticide-free olive groves.

    Distribution

    From the Balkans to Anatolia, where by far the major number of populations are situated in the southwest. There are no confirmed finds from Crete, but the species occurs in Karpathos. Additionally, it seems likely that O. ferrum-equinum occurs in Bulgaria – see note under subsp. ferrum-equinum. [Aeg, Alb, Cre, Gre; Ana]

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, East Aegean Is., Greece, Turkey

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ophrys ferrum-equinum Desf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Watson, J.M. [30], Turkey 156.000
    Townsend, C.C. [69/27a], Greece 32284.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [16], Greece 38212.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [15], Greece 38214.000
    Wood, J.J. [201], Greece 38221.000
    Wood, J.J. [199], Greece 38362.000
    Wood, J.J. [283], Greece 39419.000
    Wood, J.J. [302], Greece 39422.000
    Wood, J.J. [296], Greece 39459.000
    Norman, T., Turkey 38299.000
    Collins, P.B. [9], Greece 35086.000
    Norman, T., Turkey 53931.000
    Rauter, F., Greece 37502.000
    Clements, M. [2837], Greece 77210.000
    Cheese, M.J. [A.C.&W. 595], Turkey 47431.000
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000363994

    Bibliography

    First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 10: 226 (1807)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
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