Skip to main content
  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys fuciflora (F.W.Schmidt) Moench

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Europe to Medit.

    [O-EM]
    Distribution

    Central Europe, in the central and eastern Mediterranean and further east to Iraq. It appears to be absent from the Iberian Peninsula (however, reports from Spain should be checked) and the Balearic Islands as well as from the major part of the Balkan Peninsula. In North Africa, it is known from Libya only. [Aeg, Alb, Aus, Bel, Cor, Cre, Cze, Eng, Fra, Ger, Gre, Hol, Hun, Ita, Lux, Mal, Rum, Sar, Sic, Swi, Tur, Yug; Ana, Cyp, Isr]

    General Description

    Plant compact to slender, 10-80(-90) cm tall with 2-13(-21) flowers in a lax to dense spike. Sepals (purplish) violet to white or (pale) green, (ob)ovate to elliptic (less frequently oblanceolate-oblong), 9-19 × 3-11 mm; dorsal sepal boat-shaped to nearly flat, slightly (to strongly) incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals (purplish) violet to rose-coloured or (pale) green, (narrowly) triangular to triangular-oblong (often auriculate) with recurved margins, 1.5-9 × 1.5-5 mm, shaggy, spreading. Lip with (yellowish) brown to purplish black ground colour and sometimes a (very) broad, light brown to yellow margin, straight, flat or with more or less recurved sides, entire (to slightly three-lobed near the middle), 6-18 × 6-24 mm, velvety to shaggy along the edge (predominantly or exclusively towards the base), otherwise (sub)glabrous; bulges weakly developed to obliquely conical, distinctly isolated from the margin of the lip; front edge rounded to emarginate (rarely obtuse), provided with a broad and conspicuous, erect to porrect, rectangular, rhombic or (ob)triangular, often dentate appendage; mirror distinct, usually consisting of an H-shaped to considerably more complicated figure, the basal arms of which are distinctly connected to the base of the lip, less frequently marbled or consisting of more or less isolated spots and dashes, dull greyish blue to violet (rarely reddish brown), usually with a (sometimes very broad) cream border. Column acute (to obtuse), not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity approximately as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, with dark (rarely pale), lateral, eye-like knobs at base.

    Habitat

    Dry as well as moist soil in full sunlight to light shade, from sea level to 1500 m altitude. Typical habitats include garrigue, roadside slopes, open pine and oak woods, grassland and old, pesticide-free olive groves.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Austria, Belgium, Corse, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Netherlands, Palestine, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ophrys fuciflora (F.W.Schmidt) Moench appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [12293], France 159.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [11164], Greece 40224.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [11052] 40227.000
    Balls, E.K. [1102], Turkey 157.000
    Watson, J.M. [25], Turkey 160.000
    Pennington, T. [s.n.], France 77515.000
    Brooke, B.J., United Kingdom 20747.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [29], Italy 39140.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [152], Italy 40958.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [139], Greece 41023.000
    Banks, C., Italy 26541.000
    Wood, J.J. [141], Greece 38363.000
    Wood, J.J. [173], Greece 38373.000
    Wood, J.J. [212], Italy 38937.000
    Wood, J.J. [157], Greece 38947.000
    Wood, J.J. [162], Greece 38953.000
    Wood, J.J. [177], Greece 39036.000
    Wood, J.J. [255], Greece 39425.000
    Wood, J.J. [265], Greece 39439.000
    Wood, J.J. [241], Greece 39444.000
    Wood, J.J. [266], Greece 39445.000
    Wood, J.J. [419], Italy 43676.000
    Banks, C., Israel 27837.000
    Banks, C., Israel 27838.000
    Barneby, T., France 29099.000
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Austria K000363927
    Norman, T., Italy 38839.000
    Norman, T., Turkey 38997.000
    Norman, T., Turkey 38991.000
    Tineo [s.n.], Italy K000363925
    Dumortier [s.n.], Luxembourg K000363926
    Graves [s.n.], Great Britain K000363928
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000363924
    Doon [s.n.], Italy K000364035

    Bibliography

    First published in Suppl. Meth.: 311 (1802)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Ophrys holoserica subsp. holoserica.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved