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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischm. & Soó

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Turkey, Cyprus.

    [O-EM]
    Habitat

    Calcareous, dry to moist soil in full sunlight to light shade, from sea level to 1000 m altitude. Typical habitats include roadside slopes, grassland, garrigue and old, pesticide-free olive groves.

    Distribution

    The geographic range of O. kotschyi encompasses the southeastern part of mainland Greece, a number of islands in the southern part of the Aegean Sea (north to Chios) and Cyprus. In the latter island it is represented by the endemic subsp. kotschyi only. [Aeg, Cre, Gre; Cyp]

    General Description

    Plant compact to slender, 10-40 cm tall with 2-10 flowers in a relatively dense to lax spike. Sepals green to brownish (the lateral ones sometimes bicoloured with the mid-vein constituting a boundary), rarely rosecoloured, narrowly ovate to (ob)lanceolate, (8-)10-17 × 5-8.5 mm; dorsal sepal more or less boat-shaped to nearly flat, slightly incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals green to reddish brown or rust-red, triangular-lanceolate (occasionally auriculate) with flat margins, (4-)6-9 × 1.5-3 mm, velvety, recurved to spreading. Lip with dark brown to purplish black ground colour, straight with recurved margins, shallowly to deeply three-lobed near the base, 10-16 × 10-16 mm, velvety to shaggy on the side lobes, velvety along the margin of the mid-lobe (otherwise subglabrous); side lobes converted into weakly developed to obliquely conical bulges; mid-lobe distinctly longer than the side lobes, obtuse to truncate, provided with a short, more or less porrect, triangular point; mirror distinct, consisting of a large, H-shaped to far more complicated figure, the basal arms of which are connected to the base of the lip, dull greyish violet to reddish brown with a white border. Column acute (to obtuse), not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity approximately as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, devoid of lateral, eye-like knobs at its base.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cyprus, Turkey

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischm. & Soó appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davis, P., Cyprus 39998.000
    Syngrassides, A. [1429], Cyprus 20387.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [40], Cyprus 40606.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [36], Cyprus 40609.000
    Poole, D., Cyprus 32046.000
    Turner-Ettlinger, D., Cyprus 49676.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 908 (1926)

    Accepted by

    • Kreutz, C.A.J. (2015). Erstfund von Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischmann & Soó in der Türkei Berichte aus den arbeitskreisen heimische orchideen 32: 223-226.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kreutz, C.A.J. (2015). Erstfund von Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischmann & Soó in der Türkei Berichte aus den arbeitskreisen heimische orchideen 32: 223-226.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved