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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys omegaifera H.Fleischm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit.

    [O-EM]
    Habitat

    In full sunlight or light shade on dry to moist, basic to slightly acid ground from sea level to 2000 m altitude. Typical habitats include garrigue, grassland, open pine and cypress woods, pesticide-free olive groves and fallow fields.

    General Description

    Plant compact to slender, 8-35(-50) cm tall with 1-8(-10) flowers in a relatively dense to lax spike. Sepals (pale) green to yellowish green, ovate to elliptic, 9-20 × 6-11 mm; dorsal sepal boat-shaped, incurved, from the base nearly parallel to the column. Petals (yellowish) green, often suffused with red or brown (especially along the margins), narrowly oblong with (almost) flat margins, (4-)7-14 × 2-5 mm, glabrous, spreading to moderately incurved. Lip with brown to grey or almost black ground colour, straight to abruptly downcurved with recurved margin, three-lobed around the middle or closer to the apex, (9-)10-28.5 × 8-27 mm, velvety to shaggy (especially towards the margin); bulges absent; mid-lobe distinctly longer than the side lobes, emarginate; mirror fairly distinct, consisting of a figure shaped more or less like the tail of a fish, stretching from the base to over the middle of the lip, dull brown to violet or bluish grey (sometimes marbled), in front delimited by a conspicuous (in subsp. hayekii often obscure) white to blue w-shaped band and sometimes with a pale area at the base. Column rounded, not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity usually as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, devoid of lateral eye-like knobs at base.

    Distribution

    In the eastern and the westernmost parts of the Mediterranean as well as in a small area encompassing Sicily and northeastern Tunisia. [Aeg, Bal, Cre, Gre, Por, Sic, Spa; Ana, Cyp, Isr, Mor, Tun]

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Baleares, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Ophrys omegaifera H.Fleischm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 74: 184 (1925)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved