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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys reinholdii Spruner ex Fleischm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Balkan Peninsula to NW. Iran.

    [O-EM]
    Habitat

    Dry to moist, calcareous to slightly acid soil in full sunlight to partial shade, from sea level to 1300 m altitude. Typical habitats include roadside slopes, garrigue, old olive groves, graveyards and open to rather dense pine and oak woods.

    General Description

    Plant slender, 15-50 cm tall with 2-10 flowers in a lax spike. Sepals pale rose-coloured to purplish violet (less frequently pale green to white), narrowly ovate to oblanceolate-oblong, 12-16 × 4-7.5 mm; dorsal sepal nearly flat, slightly incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals pale rosecoloured to green, often suffused with brown or red, narrowly triangular (occasionally auriculate) with flat margins, 4-8 × 1.5-2.5 mm, velvety to shaggy, spreading to somewhat reflexed. Lip with black to dark brown ground colour, straight with more or less recurved margin, deeply threelobed at the base, 10-15 × 12-16 mm, shaggy (of frequently silvery hairs) on the side lobes, velvety along the margin of the mid-lobe (otherwise subglabrous); side lobes converted into obliquely conical (to weakly developed) bulges; mid-lobe much longer than the side lobes, rounded, provided with a short, more or less porrect, triangular point; mirror distinct, consisting of a more or less horseshoe-shaped figure, or two drop-shaped figures, without connection to the base of the lip, white or shining greyish violet with a white border. Column acute, not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity wider than long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, devoid of lateral, eye-like knobs at base.

    Distribution

    The southwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula, on the Ionian Islands and on the Aegean Islands (where it is common on Rhodes, for example). An isolated occurrence in southeastern Bulgaria was discovered as recently as 2003. The total range of the species also includes Cyprus, southern and southwestern Anatolia, Iran and Iraq. [Aeg, Alb, Gre, Yug; Ana, Cyp]

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Greece, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Ophrys reinholdii Spruner ex Fleischm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Greece 20405.000
    Watson, J.M. [22], Turkey 188.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [137], Greece 40922.000
    Wood, J.J. [292], Greece 39471.000
    Cribb, P. [241], Greece 39991.000
    Norman, T., Greece 38300.000
    Collins, P.B. [14a], Greece 35084.000
    Greenwood, E.W., Greece 35116.000
    Norman, T., Greece 40197.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 57: 5 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37 Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37 Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved