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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys tenthredinifera Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit.

    [O-EM]
    Distribution

    Most of the Mediterranean, where it is fairly common in the western and central parts of the range, but its frequency decreases towards the east – for example, it is rare on several Aegean islands. In Cyprus, O. tenthredinifera is known from one locality only, and it has not been found in the Middle East. [Aeg, Alb, Bal, Cor, Cre, Fra, Gre, Ita, Mal, Por, Sar, Sic, Spa, Tur, Yug; Ana, Cyp, Mor, Tun]

    General Description

    Plant compact to slender, 10-30(-45) cm tall with (1-)2-10 flowers in a (relatively) dense spike. Sepals violet to white, (broadly) elliptic, 11-13 × 6.5-10 mm; dorsal sepal more or less boat-shaped, slightly incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals of the same colour as the sepals, (ovate-) triangular (often auriculate) with flat margins, 4-6 × 2.5-6 mm, velvety to shaggy, spreading. Lip with brown ground colour and a broad yellow (to light brown) margin, straight with recurved sides, entire, 9-16 × 10-20 mm, more or less hairy (especially along the margin) and with a particularly prominent tuft of hairs close to the apex; bulges weakly developed, distinctly isolated from the margin of the lip; apex emarginate, provided with a short erect, narrowly triangular point; mirror distinct, consisting of a simple and fairly small H- to horseshoe-shaped figure, the basal arms of which are connected to the base of the lip, dull greyish blue to greyish violet with a pale border. Column rounded, not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity at least as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, devoid of lateral, eye-like knobs at base.

    Habitat

    Calcareous to slightly acid soil, in full sunlight or light shade from sea level to 1800 m altitude. Typical habitats include roadside verges, grassland, garrigue, open pine woods and old olive groves.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe

    Introduced into:

    Great Britain

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ophrys tenthredinifera Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    191.000
    192.000
    Spain 20764.000
    Italy 20768.000
    5827.000
    Chase [15846], Italy 71121.000
    Maude, A.H., Algeria 190.000
    Watson, J.M. [2], Greece 2992.000
    Chesterman, D.D. [161], Italy 43510.000
    Banks, C., Italy 26532.000
    Wood, J.J. [308], Italy 38832.000
    Wood, J.J. [209], Italy 38948.000
    Wood, J.J. [273], Greece 39472.000
    Wood, J.J. [321], Italy 39494.000
    Wood, J.J. [390], Italy 43644.000
    Blamey, P. [6], Spain 38324.000
    Kirk, C.C., Spain 38720.000
    Meadows, G.E. [s.n.], Spain 45872.000
    Urwick, E.M., Portugal 5828.000
    Italy K000363918
    Salzmann [s.n.], Morocco K000363914
    Heldreich [s.n.], Greece K000363909
    Heldreich [s.n.], Greece K000363911
    Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.], Portugal K000363917
    Viviani [s.n.], France K000363915
    Tineo [s.n.] K000363912
    Lemann [s.n.], Spain K000363913
    Mauri, H.H.S. [s.n.] K000363916
    Spruner [s.n.], Greece K000363910
    Milon, P., Algeria 76423.000
    Strangways, W.T.H.F. [s.n.], Great Britain Ophrys tenoreana K000363929
    Norman, T. [s.n.], Sardegna Ophrys normanii K000718364 Unknown type material
    Norman, T. [s.n.], Sardegna Ophrys normanii 46312.000 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 67 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Henry, Y. (2015). Autour de l'AND chloroplastique du genre Ophrys L. L' Orchidophile. Revue de la Société Française d' Orchidophilie 46: 299-317.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Karig, K.P. (2010). Neufund einer Ophrys tenthredinifera auf Zypern Journal Europäischer Orchideen 42: 421-422.
    • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2 Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Karig, K.P. (2010). Neufund einer Ophrys tenthredinifera auf Zypern Journal Europäischer Orchideen 42: 421-422.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved