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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ophrys L.
      1. Ophrys umbilicata Desf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Medit. to Iran.

    [O-EM]
    Distribution

    From Albania through Greece (missing in Crete) to the Levant. [Aeg, Alb, Gre, Tur; Ana, Cyp, Isr]

    General Description

    Plant relatively slender to compact, 10-45(-60) cm tall with 2-12 flowers in a relatively lax to dense spike. Sepals rose-coloured to white or green, sometimes suffused with violet, (ovate-)elliptic, 8-17.5 × 4-9 mm; dorsal sepal more or less boat-shaped, strongly incurved, from the base nearly parallel to the column. Petals (yellowish) green to rose-coloured, sometimes suffused with red, (oblong-)triangular (often auriculate) with nearly flat margins, 3.5-8 × 2-5 mm, velvety, recurved. Lip with (reddish) brown to dark brown ground colour, straight with strongly recurved sides, deeply three-lobed close to its base, 7-15.5 × 8.5-19 mm, brownish shaggy on the outer side of the side lobes and velvety along the margin of the mid-lobe (otherwise nearly glabrous); side lobes converted into obliquely conical (to horn-like) bulges; mid-lobe longer than the side lobes, obtuse to emarginate, provided with a broad and conspicuous, erect (to porrect), rectangular, rhomboid or (ob)triangular, often dentate appendage; mirror distinct, consisting of a complicated (or rarely somewhat H-shaped) figure, the basal arms of which are connected to the base of the lip, dull greyish blue to violet (more rarely reddish brown) with a cream border. Column acute to obtuse, not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity at least as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, with dark or pale, lateral, eye-like knobs at base.

    Habitat

    Dry to somewhat moist, often calcareous soil in full sunlight to light shade, from sea level to 1200 m altitude. Typical habitats include roadside slopes, grassland, garrigue, light-open pine woods and cypress groves as well as pesticide-free olive groves.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Greece, Iran, Iraq, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Ophrys umbilicata Desf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cribb, P.J. [T10], Turkey 52620.000
    Strickland, R., Israel 58218.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 10: 227 (1807)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved