1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Platanthera Rich.
      1. Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Medit. to Mongolia.

    [O-EM]
    General Description

    Tubers 2, more or less conical, attenuate at apex. Plant 25-50 cm. Foliage-leaves 2, 7-16 x 2.5-8 cm, basal, subopposite, oblanceolate-oblong to obovate or broadly elliptical. Cauline leaves 2-5; lamina usually 1-3 cm, occasionally larger but always much narrower than that of basal leaves. Spike up to 20 cm; flowers white, slightly tinged with green, fragrant. Perianth-segments of the galea 5-7 mm; outer lateral segments 8-10 mm. Labellum 8- 12 mm, linear-oblong, pendent. Spur 25-30 mm, slender, subulate, more or less horizontal, much longer than ovary. Anther-cells parallel, almost contiguous.

    Distribution

    Almost throughout Europe, but rarer in the Mediterranean region.

    Habitat

    Open woods, meadows and damp heaths.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

    Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    25042.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2374], Austria 1415.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [1792], United Kingdom 1416.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [12108], Austria 1417.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2360], United Kingdom 1418.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2359], United Kingdom 1419.000
    Sayers, D., Austria 5882.000
    Hubbard, C.E., United Kingdom 1420.000
    Hubbard, C.E. [623], United Kingdom 34474.000
    Chase [34566], Italy 78217.000
    Watson, J.M. [55], Italy 5745.000
    Payne, E.M., United Kingdom 22571.000
    Sladen, W.J.L. [430], Yugoslavia 23885.000
    Sladen, W.J.L. [301], Yugoslavia 24760.000
    Westrup, A.W., United Kingdom 24637.000
    Sladen, W.J.L. [16/13/210], Yugoslavia 24665.000
    Booth, C., United Kingdom 48867.000
    Civeyrel [559] 73209.000

    First published in De Orchid. Eur.: 35 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Efimov, P.G. (2016). A revision of Platanthera (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae; Orchidaceae) in Asia Phytotaxa 254: 1-233.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
    • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2 Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Efimov, P.G. (2016). A revision of Platanthera (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae; Orchidaceae) in Asia Phytotaxa 254: 1-233.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved