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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, W. & Central Medit. to Sahara.
Cistanche phelypaea

[FWTA]

Orobanchaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Stem 6-18 in. high, swollen at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bright yellow
Ecology
Parasite on plants in maritime and sandy inland habitats.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Stem
Stem up to 40 cm or more tall; stem often swollen towards the base, glabrous, yellow to grey-violet
Morphology Leaves
Scale-leaves (15–)20–30 x 5–12 mm, ovate-lanceolate, obtuse, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence dense and 5–9 cm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 12–18 mm long; lobes overlapping
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 30–50 mm long, first erect, later curved outwards, usually bright yellow or with the lobes mauve-edged, sometimes white flushed pinkish-mauve
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers densely hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes white.
Distribution
N1, 3; C1, 2; S1–3 East Africa, Ethiopia, northern Africa and eastwards to India.
Ecology
Altitude range 0–1500 m. Salvadora persica, Bridelia somalensis and species of Boerhavia have been recorded as host plants in Somalia.
Note
The circumscription and distribution of species of Cistanche are uncertain and the placing of all Somali material in C. phelypaea is tentative. Variation is considerable and, for example, in some collections from N3 the flowers are described as white flushed pinkish-mauve.

[FSOM]
Use
The plant is used as a remedy for diarrhoea and menstrual disorders in Somali traditional medicine.

Native to:

Algeria, Benin, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, Cyprus, Egypt, Italy, Kriti, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Portugal, Selvagens, Senegal, Spain, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara

Introduced into:

France

Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Polomgue [20], Spain 37295.000
Roger, M. [s.n.], Senegal Cistanche senegalensis K000701271
Sieber, F.W. [53], Senegal Cistanche senegalensis K000701272

First published in Fl. Portugal: 571 (1913)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. II. Leguminosae à Compositae Candollea 47: 397-481.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Piwowarczyk, R. (2018). Contributions to the knowledge of Cistanche (Orobanchaceae) in the Western Palearctic Phyton; Annales Rei Botanica 57: 19-36.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Thorogood, C. (2021). Personal communication on Orobanchaceae. 1 The University of Oxford Botanic Garden and Arboretum.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 5.
  • F.W. Andr. Fl. Pl. Sudan 3: 150, fig. 40
  • Fl. Port. 571 (1913)
  • Graham in F.T.E.A. Orobanchac. 2 (q.v. for discussion)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/