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  1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Orobanche L.
      1. Orobanche cernua Loefl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Orobanchaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1957

    Habit
    Stems single or clustered, 8–35 cm. (? more), unbranched, covered with a close, tawny pubescence and scattered glandular hairs, rather slender varying to thick, rather fleshy.
    Scales
    Scales ovate, up to 1 cm. long, reddish brown.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminally rounded, from somewhat lax to very dense.
    Calyx
    Calyx sessile, split dorsally and ventrally, straw-coloured with darker veins.
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish yellow, up to 18 mm. long, the lobes of the limb with purplish tips, markedly swollen after fertilization and very constricted above the ovary, gently curved outward or becoming straight; upper lip bilobed, porrect, shallowly crenate-dentate; lower lip with subequal, rounded to rounded-acuminate lobes.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted 5–7 mm. from the base of the tube; filaments and anthers usually glabrous.
    Pistil
    Style glabrous; stigma bilobed, whitish, warted.
    Fruits
    Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid, the valves remaining apically united when ripe.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Madeira

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azores, Bangladesh, Canary Is., Chad, Corse, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Great Britain, Gulf States, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Orobanche cernua Loefl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 12, 1996 Gillett, J.B. [15772], Jordan K000662478
    Polomegue [16], Spain 37296.000
    Wight, R. [2408], Tamil Nadu K000061384
    Schweinfurth, G.A. [93], Egypt K000061366
    Sintenis, P.E.E. [350] K000061368
    Bornmüller, J.F.N. [3908], Iran K000061367
    s.coll. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000061383
    Strachey, R. [3], Nepal Orobanche solmsii K000195463
    Falconer, H. [804] Orobanche solmsii K000061385

    Bibliography

    First published in Iter Hispan.: 152 (1758)

    Accepted by

    • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2017). Euro+Med-checklist notulae, 8 Willdenowia 47: 293-309.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Domina, G., Marino, P. & Castellano, G. (2011). The genus Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) in Sicily Flora Mediterranea; Acta Herbsarii Mediterranei Panormitani sub Auspiciis Societas Botanicorum Mediterraneorum "Optima" Nuncupata Edita 21: 205-242.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Z.Wu & P.H.Raven (eds.) (1998). Flora of China 18: 1-449. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
    • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1982). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 7: 1-947. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
    • Schiman-Czeika, H. (1964). Flora Iranica 5: 1-25. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
    • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2017). Euro+Med-checklist notulae, 8 Willdenowia 47: 293-309.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Domina, G., Marino, P. & Castellano, G. (2011). The genus Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) in Sicily Flora Mediterranea; Acta Herbsarii Mediterranei Panormitani sub Auspiciis Societas Botanicorum Mediterraneorum "Optima" Nuncupata Edita 21: 205-242.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Z.Wu & P.H.Raven (eds.) (1998). Flora of China 18: 1-449. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1982). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 7: 1-947. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
    • Schiman-Czeika, H. (1964). Flora Iranica 5: 1-25. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Beck in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 261: 122 (1930).
    • G. Beck, Monogr. Orob.: 141 (1890).
    • Loefl., It. Hisp.: 152 (1758).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/